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Network Propositions
12000 - 12165


12000
The reading and digesting of a summary of wide-ranging knowledge, such as this present propositional network, improves the mind's perspicacity and prescience.


12001
By movement and conflict within itself, each living system gains knowledge of itself. By movement and conflict within the human species, the species gains knowledge of itself.


12002
The evolving tradition of technological foresight is an evolving tradition of prediction science.


12003
Give me the liberty to know, to utter, and to argue freely, according to conscience, above all liberties'. (Milton).


12004
That, which is most self-realised, creates its priors.


12005
We perceive prehensively with our whole transfinite being: Perception is essentially transfinite.


12006
Perception of current events is past and future dependent.


12007
Perception is a transfinite quality: Past, present and future merge and integrate to a transfinite oneness of perception.


12008
In perceiving the present, one may perceive the relevant future intuitively, and not be consciously aware that one is doing so.


12009
In order to understand the present, it is necessary to understand the future.


12010
By helping us to understand the future, prediction science helps us to better understand the present.


12011
A marvellous aspect of the Absolute is that it is wholly present in each person at every point of time, and is never diverted from this whole presence. It often seems that the Absolute is concerned with some persons, to the exclusion of others ... but the reality is that the Absolute concern is for each and every person at all times. The Absolute is never diverted from its absolute presence, attention and interest in each individual.


12012
Faith is the family of veins, through which the Absolute spirit flows. Remember ... faith, faith, always faith!


12013
The Kaluza-Klein theory postulates a generalisation of the general theory of relativity to higher than four space-time dimensions. A combination of this theory and supersymmetry gives rise to supergravity, which requires eleven space-time dimensions. In these theories it is proposed that the higher dimensions are 'rolled up' to become extremely small ... a process known as spontaneous compactification, with four macroscopic space-time dimensions remaining. (Note: This theory brings to mind the Cantor concept of a transfinite Aleph-plus series).


12014
As to its personal presence, the Absolute is what and where it knows itself to be., The Absolute self knowingness is most developed in human kind and, as human awareness develops, so the Absolute's personal presence develops ... and humans become more and more 'godlike'.


12015
The heavenly host is all about us, here and now ... for the Absolute God thinks and acts through each and every one of us, here and now ... so are we not also, ourselves, of the heavenly host?


12016
Anyone, who is consciously one with the Absolute, may be a voice of the Absolute.


12017
If I had been listening, I would have known. It is of greatest importance for a predictor that he should listen and watch for all signs and sounds ... and that he should respond to them.


12018
The conscious realisation, that the Absolute is wholly in each one of us, is by far the most important thing.


12019
The replacement of separateness-awareness with Absolute oneness-awareness is of supreme importance.


12020
There is only one Absolute being, and it has only one Absolute awareness ... and it is for us to consciously participate in that awareness.


12021
It is the one Absolute-awareness which creates each happening, and it is this Absolute-awareness which the predictor must empathise with. The predictor may make use of one or many individual awarenesses, but only the Absolute-awareness is adequate to prediction.


12022
Faith is necessary to overcome separateness: It is essential to the realisation of absoluteness.


12023
Oparin concluded that the Earth's atmosphere of four billion years ago consisted of methane, hydrogen, ammonia, and water vapour ... and that the energy from electrical storms and solar UV acted upon this atmosphere to create amino acids and other simple organic molecules. The discovery of amino acids in rocks more than three billion years old tends to confirm Oparin's hypothesis of Earthlife origin.


12024
To assert that laissez-faire economics must necessarily optimise economic outcomes is an unwarranted assumption. To argue that the 'natural' laws of supply and demand are superior to human economic management ... alleging that human intervention is not 'natural' ignores the fact that humanity is itself a natural phenomenon and human actions are natural phenomena ... and human creative intelligence is the most powerful of all natural phenomena.


12025
Karl (Paul) Polanyi said that all societies need to organise material life to ensure the sustained and repetitive provision of food, shelter and the necessary items for the maintenance of community life. In laissez-faire capitalist societies this is organised through the market and everything, land and labour, becomes a commodity to be bought and sold. In other human societies, production and distribution are arranged through political, religious and familial organisations, and are 'embedded' in such social institutions.


12026
Plamenatz said 'the more men differ, and the longer they have become accustomed to differing, the m..-)re likely they are to accept principles which make it possible for those who differ to live peacefully together'.


12027
Francis Bacon wrote ... 'When in a search of any nature the understanding stands suspended, then instances of the fingerpost show the true and inviolable way in which the question is to be decided. These instances afford great light, so that the course of the investigation will sometimes be terminated by them. Sometimes, indeed, these instances are found amongst that evidence already set down'.

In my prediction science work, I gather together evidence already set down elsewhere and I seek out fingerposts which point the way to the future.


12028
If we seek for more and greater truth we cannot allow ourselves to be confined to the finite reasoning processes of Aristotelian logic. Finite logic is not adequate to absoluteness and transfinity.


12029
Space exploration has not discovered evidence of any extra-terrestrial present or past organic life forms. This propositional network indicates that all life is self-created by the Earth creator-species ... and, if this indication is correct, we will not discover life forms elsewhere in the universe.


12030
There is no evidence that any thing exists independently of perception. This lack of evidence is understandable, as our species creates as it perceives and creates what it perceives.


12031
From the known states of Mars, Venus and Earth, we may speculate (or even postulate) that Mars is in pre core explosion (CE) mode, while Venus is in advanced CE mode, and Earth is in early CE mode.


12032
As an absolute creator species, we are an eternal species which may not be destroyed or eliminated. Existence at any point of time is proof positive of existence at every point of time. Awareness and existence now is absolute and inseparable from awareness and existence at any and every time. Our species is eternal.


12033
Both manned and unmanned space-probes indicate that there are no life-forms in the solar system, other than those of Earth.


12034
By analysis, something of the whole is lost. Faith, which accepts the whole without analysis does not suffer loss.


12035
If a thought is fragile, existence is as fragile as a thought.


12036
It is we who create our species and its environment. How we think and act is how our species and environment is, and how it will be.


12037
Absolutely, there is one time and one space: Absolutely, there is one moment and one place.


12038
As, absolutely, there is one time and one place, a person of absolute awarenes5 is present at any and every time, and at any and every place.


12039
On average, the density of matter in interstellar space is about one million hydrogen atoms per cubic metre.


12040
Insight-learning is a form of learning in which an animal responds to new situations by adapting experiences gained in other contexts.


12041
Radhakrishnan sees spiritual joy as akin to aesthetic satisfaction.


12042
Quine said that no sharp distinction can be drawn between analytic and synthetic ... and that the meaning of the words we use is inseparable from our empirical beliefs. He agreed with Duhem that the truth or falsity of each sentence can be established only in conjunction with our entire system of beliefs.


12043
The Absolute is not pre-ordained as to its action: It is completely unconstrained as to what it will do and how it will do it. As the Absolute is wholly in each person, the actions of each person also are not preordained. However, a predictor may gain insight into what individuals and groups will do.


12044
Scheler contended that, if a person in lived experience emotively prefers higher values than those given, the tenor of his heart realises moral goodness. Moral goodness 'rides on the back' of value-preferring.


12045
Schr6dinger said that existence is 'being-shared-by-everybody' ... and this community is the one and only hallmark of physical reality.


12046
Spengler saw modern Western civilisation as being characterised by a bold, almost ruthless thrust towards the infinite ... something which Spengler designated as 'Faustian'.


12047
Toynbee quoted Quintus Aurelius Symmachus ... 'the heart of so great a mystery cannot ever be reached by following one road alone'.


12048
The cornerstone of Leon Trotsky's thought is the theory of permanent revolution.


12049
Seilliere's system of thought was built upon the central idea that all human activity was the expression of a basic instinct for expansion.


12050
Expansion of consciousness and creative expression may be integrally implicated with the physical expansion of the universe.


12051
Robertson shared with Schumpeter the view that the major cause of economic recoveries was innovation and invention.


12052
Joan Robinson saw economic growth as a function of actual and expected profits.


12053
Robbins made a distinction between economic science, which he perceived as abstract and value-free, and political economy, which he perceived as being concerned with ethics and politics.


12054
Robbins maintained that (at the macro level) a market economy, left entirely to itself, may not be self equilibrating.


12055
It is noteworthy that Sartre uses the term 'praxis' as 'purposive human activity, in its material environment.


12056
We are always making choices ... that is, we are always judging as between alternatives. We are born judges: We are constitutionally, naturally and incurably judgemental.


12057
The more intelligent the person, the more choices that person has, and the more judgemental he/she is.


12058
Following 12050, as our species-consciousness expands, our universe expands. The expanding universe is a function of our expanding species-consciousness. Simultaneously, we create ourselves and our universe.


12059
Why are things always changing?: And why do we never discover unchanging 'facts'? Because our perception transfinitely creates progressive change at each point of the time sequence.


12060
Why can we never prove that things exist independently of our perception of them? ... because we create what we perceive. Nothing exists independently of our perception: Perceivers and perceived are one indivisible phenomenon.


12061
Why does our perception of 'facts' change over time? Because we create transfinitely. At each point of time, perception creates its priors transfinitely. Past, present and future perception work together in creating progressively developing 'facts'.


12062
We tend to ask 'what will we discover in the universe?', rather than 'what will we create in the universe?' ... but these are identical questions, for what we will discover we will create, and what we will create we will discover.


12063
When we look through microscopes, we are looking at ourselves ... our species is perceiving and creating itself. When we look through telescopes, we are looking at ourselves ... our species is perceiving and creating itself.


12064
It is not possible to prove any aspect of an Absolute, for it is not possible to prove anything in terms of itself. That we cannot prove anything conclusively is an indication that existence is an Absolute.


12065
When we become fully aware that the Absolute is wholly in each of its parts, we are granted with an entirely different view of life and our attitudes change drastically. To help another person becomes simply a matter of helping oneself. Each other person becomes oneself in another form. Inanimate articles become embued with the whole being of the Absolute. The Absolute (God) becomes not something separate but one's own self. What we have then is not separateness but oneness: And what we have then is empathy and love for all people and all things: And what we have then is greater understanding and greater wisdom ... and more peace and less tension ... and greater faith.


12066
An atomic force microscope (AFM) uses a tiny chip of diamond as a probe. The chip is held, on a spring-loaded cantilever, in contact with the surface of the sample. The probe is moved slowly across the surface and the tracking force, between the tip and the surface, is monitored. The probe is-raised and lowered so as to keep this force constant, and a profile of the surface is produced. The AFM can resolve individual molecules. Nanotechnologists use a variant of the AFM to manipulate individual atoms on surfaces.


12067
Birds, fish, insects and other animals use various navigational aids, such as landmarks, sun, stars, magnetic fields, polarised light and odours. Salmon can identify the unique odour of their home river.


12068
The maximum sea-depth at which organisms can carry out photosynthesis is approximately 200 metres.


12069
A neural network is a network of processors designed to mimic the transmission of impulses in the human brain. Neural networks are either electronic constructions or, often, computer-simulated structures. Each processor, or neurone, multiplies its input signal by a weighting factor, and the final output signal depends on these factors, which can be adjusted. Such networks can be 'taught' to recognise patterns in large amounts of data. They are used in research into artificial intelligence and have also been applied in some aspects of prediction.


12070
According to Le Chatelier's principle, any change imposed upon a system-in-equilibrium tends to shift the equilibrium in order to nullify the effect of the applied change.


12071
Categories of learning include (inter alia):- Habituation, associative learning via conditioning, insight learning, and imprinting.


12072
A Lagrangian function defines a dynamical system in terms of coordinates, velocities and times. It deals only with two scalar functions, T (kinetic energy) and V (potential energy).


12073
An operon is a functionally integrated genetic unit for the control of gene expression in bacteria.


12074
Hybrid vigour refers to the increased vigour displayed by the offspring from a cross between genetically different parents. Mules, the offspring of mares crossed with donkeys, have greater strength and resistance to disease and a longer life-span than either parent.


12075
John Dickinson, a member of the USA Constitutional Convention of 1787, said ... 'Gentlemen, experience must be our guide; reason may mislead us.'


12076
In general, the propensity to save is stronger than the inducement to invest.


12077
Keynes said ... 'Individualism is the best safeguard of personal liberty ... and the best safeguard of the variety of life.' He added that individualism was the most powerful instrument to better the future.


12078
Keynes said that the most important 'given' elements of an economic system are the quality and quantity of labour and capital equipment, existing technique, degree of competition, consumer tastes, and the social structure which determines the distribution of income.


12079
Keynes said ... 'I do not suppose that the classical medicine will work by itself or that we can depend upon it. We need quicker and less painful aids, of which exchange variation and overall import controls are the most important.'


12080
Keynes perceived much international trade as a desperate expedient to maintain employment at home by forcing sales on foreign markets and restricting purchases.


12081
The programme sponsored by Keynes, at Bretton Woods, called for the simultaneous pursuit of high domestic employment 'by all countries together', so as to restore economic health and strength internationally both in terms of high employment and of a large volume of international trade. Keynes saw that free trade policies could only be sustained in conditions of high general employment.


12082
Keynes said that it was preferable to regard labour (including entrepreneurial services) as the sole factor of production. He said that labour, money and time were the only physical units which he needed for his analysis.


12083
Income is largely labour related: Without jobs, income is low and effective demand is low. Consumer demand is largely job-related.


12084
As outstanding faults of the modern economy, Keynes singled out the failure to provide full employment and equitable distribution of wealth and income.


12085
Man has to earn his daily bread. People must earn a living ... and this comes first all the time. If a system of political economy does not permit this, it will not endure.


12086
A boson is an elementary particle with integral spin. A gauge boson is a spin-one vector that mediates interactions governed by gauge theories. Where gauge symmetry is unbroken, the gauge boson is massless. In gauge theories, the interactions between nuclear particles can be explained by the exchange of particles (intermediate vector bosons or gauge bosons), such as gluons, photons, and W and Z bosons.


12087
Any view magnifying the importance of human beings in the cosmos is classed as anthropocentric. The view which emerges from this present network, that our species is self-created, may be classified as extremely anthropocentric. Some critics may say that anthropocentricity is always biased and erroneous ... but this is not necessarily so, for either our species is or is not self-created. If our species is self-created, all of our viewpoints will be anthropocentric.


12088
Varve dating is very useful in geochronology. This dating technique is based on the incidence of thin sedimentary layers of clays called 'varves'. These, which are particularly common in Scandinavia, have alternate light and dark bands, corresponding to winter and summer depositions. The edges of varve deposits can be correlated with the retreat of the ice sheet. By counting varves, it is possible to establish an absolute time scale for fossils up to about 20,000 years ago.


12089
The ozone layer normally absorbs all UV wavelengths below 290 nanometres (NM's). The UV classifications are:

UV-C is particularly damaging, and causes skin cancers, and probably other cancers.


12090
In this propositional network, the definition of 'universe' is ... 'all the matter, energy, space, concepts, ideas, powers, qualities and potentials that exist'.


12091
It is noteworthy that molecules of like kind acquire or manifest sufficient activation energy to interreact: This is known as unimolecular reaction. An example is the decomposition of dinitrogen tetroxide. Such reaction only involves the atoms of a single molecule.


12092
Creative intelligence does not evolve by chance: It self-creates transfinitely, by timeless interfeed.


12093
Paul Davies believes that we live in a bio-friendly universe of a stunningly ingenious character.


12094
Francis Crick said 'the origin of life appears ... to be almost a miracle, so many are the conditions which would have had to be satisfied to get it going'.


12095
It is almost certain that DNA existed three and a half billion years ago.


12096
The crucial quality of DNA is its ability to replicate itself.


12097
Natural selection acts like a ratchet, locking in the advantageous variations and discarding the bad. Starting with ancient and primitive DNA, bit by bit, increasingly lengthy instructions for building more complex organisms came to be constructed.


12098
By the second law of thermodynamics (entropy), mass and energy tend to randomise ... but one of the basic properties of life is its high degree of order (negentropy). When an organism develops or reproduces, order increases.


12099
The appearance of a new species, and the increasing elaboration of the biosphere as a whole, are examples of negentropy.


12100
That which makes negentropy in one place will inevitably make entropy elsewhere.


12101
The carnage of natural selection evidences increases of entropy, which compensate for the negentropy of successful mutants.


12102
As random energy contains more potential information than ordered energy, and as the second law of thermodynamics returns ordered energy to random energy, entropically, it seems that existence automatically restores its full information potential.


12103
States of fragile stability are termed metastable. Life is always on the lookout for easily available metastable sources of energy.


12104
Organisms use enzymes to catalyse the release of metastable energy.


12105
Organisms can not only release energy, they can control the delivery of energy.


12106
The information content of a living cell can rise if the information in its surroundings falls. Information flows from the environment into the organism.


12107
Natural selection serves as a source of information.


12108
When mistakes, in genetic information transmission, are not offset by natural selection, 'error catastrophe' occurs: The replication process becomes ineffective and reproduction ceases.


12109
The optimum replication-error rate for a species will normally be just below the error catastrophe level ... for this provides the best available compromise between stability and flexibility.


12110
Computer scientists draw a distinction between syntax and semantics. Syntactic information is simply raw data, perhaps arranged according to rules of grammar, whereas semantic information has some sort of context or meaning.


12111
A distinctive feature of biological information is that it is replete with meaning. DNA stores the instructions needed to build a functioning organism: It is a blueprint or an algorithm for a specified, predetermined product.


12112
Syntactic information is easy to account for ... but where does genetic semantic information come from?


12113
In 1862, Pasteur performed a series of careful experiments to demonstrate that living organisms come only from other living organisms.


12114
As a general principle, crude machines are more robust than sophisticated ones.


12115
Life, as we know it, requires hundreds of thousands of specialist proteins, not to mention the nucleic acids. The odds against producing just the proteins by pure chance are approximately 10 to the power of 40,000, to one.


12116
Fred Hoyle likened the odds, against a spontaneous assembly of life, as akin to a whirlwind sweeping through a junkyard and producing a fully functioning Boeing 747.


12117
The universe may be big, but if life formed solely by random agitation in a molecular junkyard, there is scant chance it will have happened twice.


12118
Earth has not been randomly selected for life: Our very existence indicates that our species has selected Earth for life.


12119
The indications are:


12120
DNA instructs and uses proteins, as building materials to make cell walls etc and, as enzymes, to supervise and accelerate chemical reactions.


12121
A large part of the DNA databank is used for storing instructions on how to make proteins.


12122
It is hard to imagine how life could exist anywhere without DNA encoding. Genetic codes are common to all known life forms.


12123
Any coded input is merely a jumble of useless data unless an interpreter or a key is available. A coded message is only as good as the context in which it is put to use. That is to say, it has to mean something. On its own, genetic data is mere syntax. The striking utility of encoded genetic data stems from the fact that amino acids 'understand' it. The information distributed along a strand of DNA is biologically relevant: Genetic data is semantic data.


12124
How did meaningful information develop? ... or how was it created? How did mere hardware (syntax) give rise to software (semantics)?


12125
DNA itself is hardware (syntax) but the encoded message, written into its base pairs, is software (semantics).


12126
Life is a blend of hardware and software: Life is informed or instructed capability.


12127
The power of software is that it can interface between different kinds of hardware that could not otherwise complement, support or enhance each other. Software is able to catalyse linkage between dissimilar 'sets'.


12128
Gregory Chaitin defines a random sequence as one that cannot be compressed algorithmically. The shortest description of a random sequence is simply the sequence itself.


12129
It is important to note that a random sequence is information rich, because the information content cannot be compressed into a simple formula.


12130
This present network is information-rich: Its information content cannot be compressed into a simple formula.


12131
A law of nature is a simple way to describe (or predict) complicated behaviour.


12132
When we say that a law is at work, we mean that the data describing the behaviour of the system is non-random, and that the future of the system can be accurately predicted with a rather simple formula.


12133
A functioning genome is a random sequence, but it is not just any random sequence. It belongs to a very special subset of random sequences which encode biologically relevant information ... that is, qualitative information.


12134
A functioning genome is both random and specific. It must be random to be information-rich, and it must be specific so that the information is biologically relevant. How did these seemingly contradictory properties develop? ... no known laws of nature could achieve this! ... but, surely, life is natural!


12135
Information and meaning become available to a living species by the processes or qualities of self-realisation and self-creation, which operate transfinitely.


12136
Life on Earth today enjoys a robustness and a diversity that guarantees it would survive, in some form, all but the most violent calamity.


12137
Five chemical elements play a starring role in terrestrial biology ... namely carbon, oxygen, hydrogen, nitrogen and phosphorus. Carbon is vital. Carbon atoms can link together to form extended molecular chains (polymers) of limitless variety and complexity. Proteins and DNA are two examples of these long chain molecules. If it wasn't for carbon, life as we know it would be impossible. Probably any sort of life would be impossible.


12138
Many interstellar molecules are organic. It is now clear that not only are the basic life-encouraging elements abundant throughout the universe, so also are many of the organic molecules actually used by life.


12139
The record of the genes suggests that the universal ancestor lived deep beneath the Earth's surface, at a temperature well above 100 degrees C ... and probably ate sulphur. It is probable that this life-form had complex features like coded protein synthesis.


12140
The earliest microbes were hyperthermophiles, relishing temperatures from 100 to 150 degrees C. They probably dwelt in porous rock beneath the seabed, at least a kilometre below the surface. Immersed in superheated water replete with minerals, they ingested and processed sulphur, iron, hydrogen and other readily available substances, releasing energy from primitive and rather inefficient chemical cycles. These early cells were crude rock-eaters. Neither light nor oxygen played a role in their metabolism. Nor did they require organic material: They made what they needed directly, from the rocks and carbon dioxide dissolved in the water.


12141
The bacterium 'micrococcus radiophilus', which has amazing resistance to radiation, has evolved a special mechanism to repair DNA strands severely damaged by x-rays. This bacterium looks very much like a product of an interstellar environment.


12142
Bacteria, with their legendary survival capabilities, show remarkable resilience to space conditions.


12143
The molecular complexity of even the simplest living being is awesome. The sheet intricacy of life bespeaks of an incredible concatenation of events, which is probably unique in the cosmos. No amount of water, even laced with fancy chemicals, will come alive on cue.


12144
Freeman Dyson said ... 'the more I examine the universe and study the details of its architecture, the more evidence I find that the universe in some sense must have known we were coming'.


12145
Must have known we were coming'! If we are, as I believe, an absolute and transfinite self-created species, this comment of Freeman Dyson shows considerable insight. My thesis is that existence (the universe) self-creates at every moment, and does this absolutely and transfinitely, without time-space constraints. Every act of creation creates its priors as it creates its presents.


12146
Paul Davies says ... 'we are thus drawn inexorably to the outlandish conclusion that the universe must have been 'taken over' by intelligent life'. I agree, but not by some extraneous intelligent life. The whole evolutionary process has been and is being created and controlled transfinitely by the ever-developing intelligence of our own species. Earth's living species is self-created.


12147
Paul Davies perceives intelligence as being coextensive with the universe ... and he perceives mind as being just as much a permanent feature of the universe as matter. Very true! We need to add however that our species' intelligence is not only coextensive with the universe, but that it creates itself and the universe, entire!


12148
As we come to fully understand DNA and are able to create DNA, we transfinitely create what we perceive to be the original DNA.


12149
We perceive/create all concepts, including the concepts of information.


12150
We perceive as we create, and create as we perceive.


12151
Information is a creative attempt to share creations with other creators.


12152
The more concepts we meditate upon, the more understanding we are likely to gain.


12153
Perceivers create the meaning of what is perceived.


12154
Perception semanticises DNA.


12155
Perception is a creative and controlling agency of the living, absolute species.


12156
Transfinitely, creative intelligence imparts meaning to DNA.


12157
The 2020 scenario, of propositions 400-420, is what will happen if our species doesn't take control of its own destiny. If our species applies genetic science to upgrade itself genetically, it will gain that control ... and it will make its decisions, and have the power to put them into effect.


12158
If one's gene-structure is unaltered, the 2020 physical destruction scenario will remain in place but, if our species takes control genetically, it will endure for as long as it wants to endure.


12159
The creative intelligence has both an entropic effect (in releasing energy from mass) and a negentropic effect (in creating order and form). It is noted that the direct and indirect negentropic effects, which flow from genetic upgrading, will be huge ... and hugely stabilising and empowering, as far as our species is concerned.


12160
By genetic means, creative intelligence creates order from chaos.


12161
Our spiritual self is transfinite, and its presence and actions are transfinite.


12162
Arthur Osborne, speaking of Shirdi Sai, said ... 'as even in the flesh, in this earthly life, he was not confined to his physical body, it may be truly said of him that he is alive. He is where he was then; even then he was where he is now'.


12163
He is where he was then; even then he was where he is now'. The same may be said of Jesus, the Christ, and of all spiritual attainers.


12164
Each and every one of us has a spiritual self, but not every one knows itself to be more of a spiritual being than a physical being.


12165
All powers and qualities are available to us transfinitely.


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