10200 - 10399
When we abstract finite subset opposites from the qualitative mainset, we exclude that which escapes definition ... namely, that which is transfinite. Perceptually, dichotomisation emphasises finity and marginalises transfinity.
Perceptually, differentiation marginalises transfinity.
As all descriptions differentiate, all description marginalises transfinity.
According to Whewell's concept of consilience, inductions 'tie together' facts by the formation of new ideas. Separate pieces of evidence may 'tie together' to support a conclusion whose total credibility is greater than that given by any individual piece of evidence. Real inventiveness is essential to the process. Whewell said there is no mechanical or purely logical procedure that guarantees scientific success.
Whewell maintained that a good hypothesis not only predicts facts of diverse kinds, but shows that underneath the diversity there is a fundamental unity.
Political organisations are organic entities which are subject to their own laws of development. They have no dependence on, or relation to, any moral order. (Note: This is an interpretation from Machiavelli).
The fundamental unit of meaning is not the individual word, but the sentence in which it occurs (Bentham and Frege).
Words may be likened to atoms, and sentences to molecules. Some words, like hydrogen atoms, serve also as molecules.
Listen with your heart and soul, for the mind does not hear many things.
See with your heart and soul, for the mind does not see many things.
The sure way to oneness-awareness is to have faith.
The faith of the Absolute is written large upon all creation. More essential than blood and breath is faith: There can be no blood and there can be no breath without faith: There can be no life at all without faith.
By jostling and conflicting, ideas gain in strength and coherence ... and they fructify and multiply, and display the characteristics of a biological genus.
In so far as the ideative genus is biological, we may not expect it to survive and flourish in non-biological computer mechanisms.
By our genetically inherited intuition, we structure sensation into the experience of things in space and time.
Mental processes are not subject to internal or external laws ... but, thereby, we have an inherent tendency to perceive and create laws.
Most modern minds are addicted to reason: It becomes a major task to overcome this addiction and to control our reasoning faculty.
It is essential to learn to control our thinking and to become able to switch reasoning on and off.
Obtrusive uncontrolled reasoning is often a barrier against the feeling-knowing of heart and soul.
The sound of a gong is of infinite duration ... but, can you follow its sound into infinite silence?
A goal of metamathematics is that the proofs of a system should themselves be treated as mathematical objects.
A proof is in the nature of a resultant and it needs to be reversible, in the sense that both sides of an equation are interchangeable.
To philosophise prerequires the suspension of prejudgement.
The ascent to the Absolute is a process of dealienation and reintegration.
In the philosophy of science, two theories are said to be commensurable if the claims of one can be framed in the language of the other.
All human relationships come to be treated as commodities. Commodity fetishism is the process whereby the products of labour come to appear to have an independent value separated from the labour of the people who created them.
According to Mach, the mind knows only its own sensations, and theory is nothing but an instrument for predicting how they will occur.
Each action proceeds according to a maxim or subjective principle, in accordance with which it is performed.
The central dictum of existentialism is that 'existence precedes essence' ... indicating that a person has no predetermined nature, or range of choices, but is always free to choose afresh, and thereby reconstitute himself or herself as a different person.
According to the zoologist Richard Dawkins, the process of evolution can occur given any entities that can be replicated. In the abstract, the process does not require that the entities involved are biologically defined. Dawkins coined the word 'meme', to refer to a cultural object (like the computer virus or the belief in ghosts) that can be replicated or passed on, and which in transmission evolves and seems to have a life of its own. (Note: The strange attractors, of chaos science, would come within Dawkins' 'meme' genus).
The panpsychist view (of Lotze and others) is that all existence is involved in the production of living creatures and, accordingly, all existence should be thought of as itself an alive and animated organism, possessing reason, emotion and world-soul. To panpsychists, every part and aspect of existence is conscious ... and the whole universe is an infinite realm of mental and spiritual life.
G.E.Moore believed that, whenever a philosophical doctrine was in conflict with common sense, it was more likely that the argument had gone astray than that common sense had done so.
Democracy is supported not by the natural instincts of individual politicians but by the needs of society.
The Absolute, which is wholly in each of its parts and aspects, is most particularly present as the Holy Ghost. The ability of the Absolute, to concentrate its self-awareness, manifests as the Holy Ghost ... and, when such manifestations occur, there is a feeling that the Absolute has a personality and that the personality is palpably present. Those who witness such a phenomenon may also feel that they are somehow participating and contributing creatively in the happening ... and that they are not separate from the Holy Ghost but wonderfully one with it.
Hume argued that the placing of events of nature into lawlike orders and patterns, is the only kind of thing that scientific enquiry can ever do. But, in the nuclear and genetic contexts, is not scientific enquiry putting laws into action in a major way? ... and are not scientists now becoming creators as well as discoverers? ... and is there any essential difference between discovery and creation?
Ideative flows are interrupted by processes of reason.
Reasoning processes inhibit the free flow of creative ideas.
Reasoning processes tend to interfere with the ideative creative process.
Creatively, reasoning may be of assistance but it needs to be under control.
Creatively, it is often necessary to 'switch off' our reasoning processes and to just let ideas flow.
Truth is that which happens.
That which happens is personal, as to the understanding and interpretation of the happening.
The happening of an event is the quality of the event.
As a species, and as individuals, we create what happens.
We create our truths.
The focus of all life is what happens, and the quality of what happens.
The most important aspect of existence is the quality of life.
Beliefs can be contagious.
Religious conviction is based largely on existential commitment and faith, rather than on reason.
A system of logic is any attempt to codify the rules whereby valid inferences may be made.
Existentially, any inference we make which helps us to survive is valid.
We may infer, not only by logic, but by instinct, intuition or accident.
Ortega y Gasset observed that each life is one point of view on the universe ... and that truth is plural, for no one point of view is uniquely true.
Ortega y Gasset said that life is a drama, chosen in an existentialist fashion.
Ortega y Gasset saw the thinking of the general public as mired in lazy common-sense empiricism.
Ortega y Gasset opined that the aristocratic first principles of Plato were to be chosen and embraced for their fertility ... and only the plebeian Aristotle would want to found them in sense experience.
Ouden mallon' (Greek for 'nothing more') was the battle cry of Greek scepticism. It signified that a state of epoche had been reached ... epoche being a state of mental equilibrium (or stalemate), where dialectical conflict becomes enfeebled and infertile.
Overdetermination of an event occurs when there exist more than one antecedent events, any of which would constitute a sufficient condition for the event to necessarily happen.
William Paley said that natural organisms are like contrivances and machines, and irrefutably the product of intelligent design.
Russell denied that mathematics can be reduced to logic: He claimed that intuition is needed to derive the properties of numbers.
The Absolute is qualitative; existence is qualitative; all is qualitative; numbers are qualitative and are subset to quality. Qualities cannot be reduced to finite logic.
The 'black box' theory or method refers to gaining an understanding that a certain cause is associated with a certain effect, without knowing what the operative cause-effect chain is. There are many examples in personality testing, where it is known that responses to certain questions correlate with certain traits ... and we know that they do in fact correlate but we don't know why. The theory or method is known as the 'black box' because the operative cause-effect chain is a mystery. We only know that, when certain causes are presented to the 'black box', certain effects predictably ensue. This theory or method is essentially instrumentalist.
Nietzsche's influence on postmodernism may be seen in the celebration of the plurality of interpretations, and in the downgrading of reason.
Perspectivism is the view that all truth is truth from or within a particular perspective. Nietzsche's perspectivism is seen as a philosophical technique for dissolving the presumption that there can be objective knowledge.
Insistence on objective knowledge is often associated with 'one-view' truth, and with dogmatic arguments from authority.
It is noteworthy that many pure mathematicians are insightful of the qualitative aspects of numbers and topology.
In classical logic, the two interdefinable quantifiers are the existential quantifier (saying that something is ... ) and the universal quantifier (saying that all things are ... ). It should be noted that these connotations are misnamed, for they are qualitative and not quantitative.
Predictors need to be equipped with two-mode minds: In one mode they exercise logic and in the other mode they exercise intuition, They need to be able to switch back and forth easily between the two modes and, often, to engage both modes at the one and same time.
The essence or core of pragmatism is the belief that the meaning of any thing is the same as its practical effects. The driving motivation of pragmatism is the idea that belief in the truth on the one hand must have a close connection with success in action on the other. Pragmatists accord primacy to practicality over pure reason.
Conviction is an affirmation of faith and belief ... and it is greatly strengthened by declaration.
Declaration provides outline, substance, identity, strength, memorability, and a strange fetish-personality kind of quality.
In prehensive progression, conviction creates and constitutes a fulcrum, and applies leverage against that fulcrum. Declaration enhances both fulcrum and leverage.
If one wishes to gain purchase and leverage for ideas, one must make declaration.
The power of declaration is exercised or manifested at the point/time of 'grasping'.
Declaratory power is shared by listeners and interlocutors, to the degree of their acceptance and belief. Acceptance and belief are a kind of 'grasping'.
Declarations impact on all who hear them, or come to know of them.
Effective leadership is strongly declaratory.
Those, who share a declaration, share a hand-hold or a place on which to stand ... a fulcrum, as it were.
A clear and strong declaration is a clarion-call ... and a harbinger of victory over chaos and the void.
Declaration is a strongly creative and nomothetic aspect of prediction.
Prophecy is absolute.
With acknowledgement to Danton, by all means we should be bold, and by all means we should be declaratory.
One may neutralise opinions by counterbalancing opposing opinions. This is a technique of debate and of sophistry.
Perspicacity is a trait which predictors must possess, in order to be successful.
According to Leibniz' 'identity of indiscernibles', no two distinct things can share all their properties ... although they may share a great many, such as qualities of form and constitution.
According to our faith and belief is our reality. If one has faith and belief that existence is absolute and wholly in each, then such is one's unconditional and substantive reality.
Action requires no pre-proof. Existence is not about proving: Existence just goes ahead with creating and doing.
To seek conviction is sensible, but to seek proof as a pre-essential to belief and action, is nonsensical. The absoluteness of existence precludes any possibility of non-tautological substantive proof.
As we write history, so we judge the world: As we write history, so we judge ourselves.
In so far as they rely on intuition and inspiration, prophecy and prediction are not negotiable or assignable.
When one has a monopoly, one's first duty is to shun the temptations of monopoly.
Between a happening and its explanation, new and greater worlds can enter which are seeming strangers to the first considerations.
Most virtue is in hiding, and needs to be coaxed or opportuned forth.
Aphorisms may be pearls, but there is much art in necklacing them together.
It is not possible to be a successful prediction scientist without also being a philosopher.
Lady Anne Conway developed a theory of nature as an integrated mental and material order, in which individual monads developed from lower to higher forms. She influenced Leibniz' thinking on monadology.
Our species programmes itself to provide outlines and profiles for its emergent shapes ... giving them cognitive identity and clarity.
The processes of creative thinking are personal, and cannot be delegated to computers or to any other non-personal agency.
According to Kant, praxis is the application of theory to cases encountered in experience.
In Marx, praxis becomes central to transforming the world to conform to communist theory.
Projectivism denotes any view which sees us as projecting upon the world what are in fact modifications of our own minds.
According to the verification principle of logical positivism, the meaning of a statement is its method of verification.
Pragmatically, proof is any procedure which brings conviction.
Hare used the term 'supervenience' to describe how properties of one kind may supervene upon those of another kind.
The supervenience of qualities is indicative of their transfinity. All qualities are of the one absolute quality, so that each and all qualities supervene each other.
The redundancy theory of truth (minimalism) claims that the predicate 11 ... is true' does not have a sense. A minimal theory of value claims that there is nothing useful to say in general about values and valuing. Minimalism claims that no term or concept is a substantial focus for theory.
Ramsey said that neither generalisations, nor causal propositions, nor those treating probability or ethics, describe facts ... but each has a different specific function in our intellectual economy. Ramsey pioneered the redundancy theory of truth.
Formal logic studies the cases where conclusions may be drawn validly from premisses ... but very little human reasoning is of the forms which logicians use. We often draw conclusions which go beyond our premisses. Feelings, emotions, common sense and cultural frames of reference all play their part. We reach our conclusions pragmatically and survivally ... and instinct and intuition often come into play ... and the whole process is dynamic and complex.
As to backward causation, it is possible that the causal order need not comply with the temporal order. It is possible that a cause may succeed its effect in time. In the context of an absolute existence, causation may appear to be backward or forward or instant, but it istransfinitely one.
According to the structuralist Saussure, a sign has the value that it does in virtue of its place in a network of other possible choices. In Saussure's famous phrase, 'there are only differences'.
To Schiller, the aesthetic impulse is a fundamental element of human nature, which expresses and develops at the mergence of the phenomenal and noumenal worlds.
According to Schopenhauer, the will is independent of space and time, and all reason and knowledge is subject to the will.
We theorise about the behaviour of others constantly. We theorise about another person's motives, intentions and probable actions ... and about how that person will interact and respond to the actions of others. We have, in our minds, theoretical models of the personalities and characteristics of each person we deal with ... and we adjust these models as we have cause to modify our assessments. The more empathic and intuitive we are, the more accurate and effective our models of other persons are likely to be.
Indexical expressions are those whose interpretations demand knowing the speaker, place, time or context of utterance. The terms 'I', 'you', 'here', 'there', 'now', 'then', 'this' and 'that', are indexicals.
A transcendental argument is one that proves a conclusion by showing that unless it were true, experience itself would be impossible.
Transcendental idealism (in Kant-mode) allows that objects have spatiality and temporality only because our minds are so structured that these are the categories we impose upon experience.
Existence is the Absolute, and is absolute. The Absolute does not 'impose' spatiality and temporality upon itself! It is of the nature of the Absolute that it expresses itself spatially and temporally.
Existence simply is our species ... and all knowledge is of self-knowing. There is only our species, and all our knowing is of and by our species.
Chomsky believed that the mind comes with pre-formed categories that determine the structure of our language and ways of thought. In computational terms, unless the child came bundled with the right kind of software, it could not catch on to the grammar of language as it in fact does.
This present propositional network aims at a general world view ... a weltanschauung.
As to its absoluteness, existence has no subsets, for an absolute is one and equal with each and all of its parts.
Formal logic has no absolute application.
The varietal species, which the Absolute spawns of itself, are endless as to potential and kind ... and we may not assume that all will necessarily be physical or mental or spiritual, but perhaps beyond our present capacities to imagine.
In the development of its self-awareness, the Absolute creates obstacles for itself which, by the overcoming thereof, makes leaps of greater awareness. The creation of formal logic has been, and still is, one of these valuable obstacles.
An alienans is a Claytons qualifier: Alienans is an adjective which appears to be qualifying a subsequent description, but in fact functions to deny or leave open the question of whether the description apples ... (an alleged criminal, a near victory, a Claytons whisky).
Ampliative reasoning takes us to conclusions that go beyond their premisses: Such reasoning is very common. Many best explanations are not deductively valid ... but they may yield useful conclusions. Logical reasoning may initiate creative non-logical thinking.
Very few creative concepts admit of uncontroversial analysis.
Concepts often gain identity and creativity through their place in a larger network of concepts or propositions.
There is no logical principle determining where a process of analysis is to start or finish ... or as to what vector should be used. Logical analysis subserves the hypotheses of insightful initiatives.
It is an implication of the absoluteness of existence that things, which exist, ought to exist ... and that things, which ought to exist, exist.
The only property of matter, abiding through all its changes, is extension: Extension is the one essential property of matter.
Brentano maintained that it is the intentionality or directedness of mental states that marks off the mental from the physical.
The existentialist, Martin Buber, interpreted religious experience in terms of encounter and dialogue with another personal subject. He saw these relationships as sharply distinguished from objective relations between subject and thing.
That, which is material, needs materiality: That, which is spiritual, has no need of materiality.
The religious milieu is peopled by spiritual personalities.
Modal logic refers to the use and implications of the modes of necessity and possibility. Necessity may be seen as corresponding to truth in all worldr and possibility to truth in some worlds.
Logic seeks to extend the inextensible.
No two perceptions are the same. There can be no collection of equivalent perceptions.
Perceptions are primal and unitary ... and they are not aggregatable or extensible.
Any and every collection of perceptions is detractive and questionable.
Reason tends to delay, when instinct and intuition tend to act. Reason says 'think of all the ins and outs': Instinct and intuition say 'get on with it'. Reason is pro-hesitant: Instinct and intuition are pro-active.
Reason relates to thought: Instinct and intuition relate to vibes.
Cantor's transfinite sets may be perceived as power sets of unenumerables. (See also propositions 3006 - 3012).
A computable function is any function for which there is an effective procedure or algorithm for calculating a solution.
An analog computer performs computations by manipulating continuous physical variables, such as voltage and time. A digital computer operates on discrete quantities, most often represented as 'on-off', indicating whether the value of a binary variable is 0 or 1.
Reichenbach thought that since there is no way of knowing whether objects maintain their size, when transported to different regions of space, the assumption that they do takes on the status of a convention.
According to Bohr, there is no quantum reality ... no world of electrons and photons: There is only description of the world in these terms.
There is no definable measure of the extent to which evidence confirms a hypothesis.
Hypotheses face the tribunal of experience by surviving efforts to falsify them.
High creative intelligence requires less means: Low creative intelligence requires more means.
Required inputs of creative intelligence are inversely proportional to required inputs of means. (Note: Means are often objectified economically as 'capital').
According to Wittgenstein, immersion in a way of life is necessary for understanding its specific structures and guiding concepts.
Hegel viewed history as a 'progress of consciousness'.
The Absolute is wholly in each of its parts which die, but the Absolute lives. So also humans, being absolute as well as mortal, die but live.
Faith is of the very essence of the Absolute. The Absolute is like a wonderful wild plant, and we may name it 'FAITH'.
The qualities of the Absolute become consciously known to the Absolute via human consciousness.
To the extent of their awareness of the qualities of the Absolute, humans become the agencies of the Absolute in the expression of its qualities.
The expression, via humans, of the qualities of the Absolute is absolute ... and is not in anyway limited, by time or space constraints or any other constraints.
Humanity is the apperceptive flowering of the Absolute. It is via the human race that the Absolute becomes consciously aware of itself.
We humans are that aspect of the Absolute which discovers itself ... that is, which consciously discovers its qualities and powers.
Genetic fallacy arises when one mistakenly infers something about the nature of some topic from a proposition about its origins.
It is fallacious to argue that a proposition is false by reason of doubtful provenance.
Interpretation is a function of perception; perception is a function of experience; interpretation is a function of experience.
Interpretation, perception and experience are integrally one.
The oneness state of realisation of the Absolute is the 'Garden of Eden'. When we set out to analyse the Absolute, we set ourselves apart from it. By analysis, we expel ourselves from the 'Garden of Eden', but we may return by realising and living out our oneness with the Absolute.
According to Hume's law, it is impossible to derive an 'ought' from an 'is' ... and there can be no logical bridge over the gap between fact and value.
Readers invariably attribute extra or alternative significance to sentences ... that is, extra or alternative to the significance which the writer intended to impart.
Truth is a means quality. At the core of the truth concept is the search for reliable knowledge, as a means to survival and success. The nature of truth is essentially instrumental ... and the final test of the truth concept is an affirmative response to the question, 'does it work?' Truth is essentially about method ... that is, about effective means.
Truth is about the effectiveness of various ideative streams (or thought-models or thought-modes). Many qualities may be perceived as being joint-progenitors of truth: Among them are imagination, creativity, ingenuity, intuition, resourcefulness, initiative, determination, perseverance, ability, cleverness, cunning, shrewdness and flexibility. Flexibility is essential. Didactic rigidity and authoritarianism are antipathetic to truth.
The writer's research indicates that the various mass extinctions of evolutionary history have followed from ozone depletion during periods of interise volcanic activity, associated with large releases of chlorine into atmosphere. The extinctions are directly attributable to deadly levels of ultra-violet rays.
The starling, trapped in our wall, took two days to die. The Absolute, being wholly in each thing and wholly in the starling, took two days to die, but the Absolute still lives. Likewise, when we die, we still live. (See also proposition 10159).
As the Absolute is wholly in each of its parts, we are virtually engulfed in clues as to the nature of existence. Why is it that, generally, we do not notice and comprehend these clues? 'It takes one to know one' ... and we must become absolute-minded before we can understand absolute clues.
Personal experience of the Id (during a survival crisis) leads to further understanding of the infinite survival powers of our species and also of the faith and confidence of our species. In particular, such experience provides an insight of the raw primaevalness of will and faith to life and being.
The human agency is that by which the Absolute comes to be consciously aware of itself, and comes to consciously understand itself. By our understanding, the Absolute comes to be consciously aware of faith and the powers of faith.
Only by our understanding may qualities, such as faith, come into existence.
By our understanding of faith, we create faith: By human understanding of faith, the Absolute creates faith.
As, via human understanding, the Absolute becomes consciously aware of its qualities, it creates them.
Humanity is the agency of quality creation.
By our understanding of faith, we are able to access and enjoy faith.
Absolute faith is the supreme confidence, conviction and certainty of the Absolute.
We are absolute beings and, by faith, we access absolute power.
An ambience of faith is essential to miracles: The faith of those who participate in miracles is as essential as the faith of the worker of miracles. Indeed, all those present at the working of a miracle may rightly be regarded as co-workers of the miracle.
A miracle is an empathic sharing of faith ... it is a feast of faith.
We are a magical species, and we are workers of magic.
Miracles are a minute-by-minute occurrence, but most of us are not consciously aware of this.
Some see life as the workings of physical laws ... and some see life as the workings of miracles.
Societies and their futures are not disassociated and independent of each other: Societies and their futures are one and integral.
The future of a society is a function of that society.
Insightfully, a seer gestalts future scenarios, then declares them publicly. Such scenarios can be contagious, and public acceptance of them can make them happen.
That, which humanity sees, humanity creates.
As societies see the future, they create the future.
We argue in sound, but we commune in silence. The essence of communication is silence.
We attract and hold attention so that we may share the community of silence.
We may talk to each other to maintain contact, while we commune in silence.
We converse with words and communicate with feelings.
Sounds are but overtures to symphonies of silence.
Information is perceived energy. (See also propositions 6829 - 6864)
The more interesting information is, the more energy it conveys and releases. (See also propositions 6829 - 6864)
To impart interesting information is to impart energy. (See also propositions 6929 - 6864)
The more qualitative a person is, the more interest the person has in information, and the more quality and energy the person derives from information.