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The Network Propositions / 9600-9799
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Reasoning is an instrumentalist mental facility which assists us to carry out our tasks and to achieve our objectives. People generally are not inclined or equipped to enquire closely as to the logic, psychology or neurology of the mental processes involved. Like seeing and hearing, reasoning is something which we do ... and which, as a race, we have been doing successfully for a long, long time.
As most people perceive the universe in terms of particulation, they base their thought processes on particulation. But, as the universe is unparticulated as to its absolute mainset, particulated thought processes are unable to access the whole truth,
By prejudging dimensionality, formal logic occludes and excludes transfinite truth. Formal logic assumes finity, where finity is not relevant or applicable. Formal logic imposes limitations and restrictions on our understanding of the truth.
It is noteworthy that Rotblat (1995 Nobel Peace Prize winner) stated, in May 1996, that humanity might be in more danger from advanced scientific techniques, such as genetic engineering and viral technology, than from nuclear weapons. Rotblat commented that the continuation of the human species can no longer be taken for granted. He said 'we now have several secret laboratories in the United States, Russia, Britain and China. It's the things we don't know about ... that is my worry!'
The importance of formal logic has been due to its coincidence with survival needs, during the scientific and technological phase of our species' development. As formal logic is no longer conducive to species-survival, it will be accorded less and less importance.
Some music is a sound artifact, while other music is primarily a written artifact. From the written scores of Beethoven, an endless variety of sound artifacts can be generated. And then there is the performance aspect: It is noteworthy that the music of Jimi Hendrix is not so much of the songs he wrote, but of the performances he created and recorded.
In its evolutionary beginnings, music may have developed from heart-beat rhythm, extension of grooming, maternal-crooning, and the copying of animal sounds and other natural sounds. Progressive development of voice-use proficiency, for language, was probably concomitant with music development.
Most music development has occurred since 1500AD. Monteverdi created perfect patterns. Bach found creative ways to make many new and varied perfect patterns. Mozart used these patterns to evoke an unbelievably wide spectrum of feelings. Beethoven showed how feelings could be evoked to amazing depths. Wagner showed how words could be used, in addition to all this, as sign-posts to tell people what to think about while feeling. He developed dramatic music. Stravinsky reasserts patterns in a Mozart sort of way ... and sometimes Stravinsky sounds new and original, while sometimes sounding like a parody of Mozart.
In the central European music tradition, every important composer 'stood on the shoulders' of the one who went before. Beethoven was inconceivable without Mozart, etc. An increasingly complex music technology developed, from Monteverdi through to Wagner.
The complex development of music technology peaked with Beethoven. Later innovators explored the possibilities of certain pre-existing elements, rather than introducing new ones. For broad mastery of a complex artistic language/technology in any medium, Beethoven takes the prize.
The elitist aspect of the classical period of music development (from Monteverdi to Stravinsky) relates to the high cost of music and low availability to the general populace during that period. However, classical recordings are now affordable to a large section of the population, and there are now nearly as many classical releases as all other kinds of music put together. There are greater numbers of people enjoying classical music now than ever before.
It is noteworthy that much modern music is more classic than romantic. Rhythm is naturally a classic rather than a romantic tool. Music has no more extreme romanticism to offer than that found in Beethoven and Wagner. Fast rhythm is an outstanding characteristic of rock music.
Most music of the modern tradition is dominated by rock and roll, hard rock, blues, jazz, folk and gospel. While pre-Wagner elitist music was genteel and idealistic, modern music is essentially bold and existential.
Like religion, music may be perceived as an opiate of the masses. Over the past 300 years, governments have used music increasingly for control purposes. Hitler's regime was a classic case in point. Oratory, plus music with politicised lyrics, makes a powerful combination.
The development of European music, from Monteverdi to Stravinsky, was largely the preserve and prerogative of the elite wealthy classes. A very great proportion of modern music could not have existed without the elitist tradition.
The young generation of today uses aggressive, fast, insistent, rhythmic, violent noise-music to express its rejection of the old order. The young generation knows that this noise-music is unacceptable to the older generations: Hard rock is only barely acceptable to the young! The young generation is prepared to be violated by their music/art: The older generations resist such violation and are repelled by it.
Multi-paradigm science explores not only the implications of 'facts', but also the physical and psychological nature of 'perceived facts'. 'Facts' come under intense examination from every conceivable viewpoint and interpretation. It does not at all suffice that a viewpoint or interpretation is held by an 'authority' or by a group or even by a majority of scientists. Scientists, like other social groups, tend to follow each other like sheep. They are often lacking in imaginative and creative interpretation of data. Multi-paradigm science calls for good creative thinking, and the ability to explore varying interpretations and conflicting viewpoints ... and to hold them simultaneously, and in concert, as working premisses.
In bringing idea-propositions together in a network, we are not just collecting like ideas ... we are collecting both like and unlike ideas ... and some will differ (or seem to differ) markedly. They have only this in common, that they come from intelligent human minds.
When the operator/predictor understands and memorises the whole network, his mind becomes a human computer which has been programmed to predict the future and to provide a computed response to any questions bearing on the future.
Many propositions are like seeds which lodge in the mind's 'soil', and some grow there and some do not ... and some bear fruit or not, according to the parable of the sower. Some sowers are more expert or diligent than others and, of course, the mind's 'soil' varies from person to person as to barrenness or fertility.
Some minds are overgrown with 'weeds' and otherwise promising plants become choked without proper access to sunlight or nourishment. We need to be good gardeners of our minds; we need to remove the 'weeds' of confusion, fallacy, superstition and energy-sapping engrams. We need to screen and cull our memory-library, discarding useless old paradigms and propositions. And, to our good inventory, we need to devote care, interest and attention. As we look after plants, so we should admire, consider, compare and love the living concepts of our minds.
We, ourselves, are living organisms, and our species is symbiotic with plant life. As our bodies are organisms, it is not surprising that our thoughts and thought processes are also organic, as to characteristics and behaviour.
A work which has no atmosphere of its own, unique and live, is not art. It must be a fetish; it must have soul, and it must forever speak ... and then we may call it art. As a remarkable person lives in mind's memories when his body is dead, so lives a work of art, without the dying. More alive than its maker? ... or is it thus that its maker lives?
In the historical development of the visual arts, we see an increasing incidence of boldness, from the genteel old Italian masters through to El Greco and then to artists like Delacroix, Van Gogh, Picasso, Ernst and de Kooning. As we become more self-aware, we become bolder ... and this finds expression in art.
As we become more mentally and spiritually aware, we become more qualitatively aware. This progression shows up in the visual arts, where more and more qualities may be perceived. Here are a few examples:
|Brute force||Francis Bacon|
Did the qualities of Van Gogh's art exist before viewers came, much later, to perceive them? Do qualities need to be perceived in order for them to exist? Our species is transfinite and all its qualities are transfinite, including the quality of perception. A work of art, its artist, and its viewers, are all qualitatively, transfinitely and integrally one.
When we perceive the qualities of Van Gogh's art, we are one with the perception of Van Gogh himself. In this shared oneness, of transfinite perception, time perspectives and time differences simply do not exist.
The release of quality and the realisation of quality are one and the same. The release of quality by an artist and the realisation of its quality by a viewer, hundreds of years later, are one and the same.
As all existence is qualitative and transfinite, past present and future are also qualitative and transfinite. The implication for prediction science is that, transfinitely, we share the perceptions of people of the future ... and one of the major aims of prediction science is to become aware of these perceptions.
In the same way that a good artist is 'ahead of his time', so a good predictor is 'ahead of his time'. The good artist and the good predictor are more insightful as to the quality of their awareness: Their perception is more highly developed than average, and is of a high order of transfinity.
(Readers are reminded that the propositions of this network are written down as they occur. This network grows and develops like a wild plant ... which often behaves like a jumping bean. The author feels that to rearrange the positioning of the propositions would somehow destroy the spirit of the network ... for how it is written here is the very nature of the plant.)
On the subject of food grains, longer and harsher winters and unseasonal weather during the ripening and harvesting periods, are reducing crops generally. As of May 1996, American stocks of grain are at their lowest level since 1948. It is also noted that the 1995 Russian wheat harvest was the worst for 30 years. Land areas under grain cultivation globally are shrinking, and scientific advances in per hectare yields are slowing ... and all this in a context of increasing populations and increasing food needs, which are largely unmatched by consumer purchasing power. As of May 1996, the prices of wheat and corn and rice futures are rising markedly.
Grain processors and users such as poultry producers are finding it hard to pass increasing grain costs through into consumer prices. Consumer marketing is extremely competitive, and consumer purchasing power is weak in many sectors. Consequently, we may expect rising grain prices to cause business profits to fall and even to contribute to a down-trend in share-market prices.
As creation and destruction are two sides of the one 'coin' of expression, creative intelligence is also destructive intelligence. That which is created by creative intelligence may be destroyed by destructive intelligence. In its very act of creation, creative intelligence destroys. Creation and destruction are integrally related.
The force of gravity is transfinite, in that it is a phenomenon of time-space, while being also singular and infinite. Gravitational processes are transfinite. (See also propositions 8326 - 8327, 8329 - 8331, 8340 - 8343, 8569 - 8570, and 9570).
Monetarist economists place heavy emphasis on the need for a stable monetary supply, increasing only as national income increases. Monetarists aim for zero, or close to zero, price inflation ... and they are prepared to use rates of interest as a major policy tool.
Keynesian economists believe in the effectiveness of moderate and intelligent intervention, based on an understanding of the macro-functions of demand, liquidity preference, production, employment, capital, income, consumption, savings, investment, interest, and MV (the quantity of money and its velocity of circulation).
The so-called Qwerty approach to economics is pragmatic and realistic. Instead of pre-judging economic behaviour in terms of favourite abstract models, Qwerty economists look at realities as they are 'in the field' ... including inelasticities, historical accidents, path dependence and political intervention.
It is harder to attack a person of many viewpoints than to attack a person of one viewpoint. A multi-viewpoint stance is easier to defend than a uni-viewpoint stance: It is stronger strategically.
When a significant proportion of a country's gross national product depends upon international trade, and when that trade is unprotected by tariffs etc, there will be a marked inequality of incomes as between the unskilled and highly skilled occupations. This is due to the huge global supply of unskilled labour and the scarce global supply of highly skilled labour.
A predictor needs to be perspicacious ... that is, clearsighted and clear-minded. He must be able to see through the 'smoke-screens' and confusion, and to be clearly aware of the essential aspects of existence.
The nuclear binding energy is the amount by which the mass of an atom is less than the sum of the masses of its constituent protons, neutrons and electrons, when expressed in units of energy. Most of the binding energy is associated with the nucleus. The binding energy is often referred to as the atom's mass defect.
Neutrons neutralise the electrostatic repulsion between protons, but they do not weaken the nuclear binding energy ... that is, they do not weaken the atom's cohesion. A neutron is an electrostatic neutraliser.
The qualitative aspects of this network are the most important. The quantitative aspects are subset to the qualitative mainset. Existence is primarily qualitative: Our species is primarily qualitative. The qualitative aspects of this network constitute its raison d'etre and its thinking, communication, implicativity, interconnection, meaning, cohesiveness, seeking, finding, motivation, creativity ... and its very essence. This network is a qualitative exercise.
The complementarity of the sexes results in a natural qualitative gain to society ... a 1+1=3 gain. The gender-racist 'them versus us' syndrome is tending to deprive New Zealand society of its major strength.
The average distance that a molecule travels in random thermal motion, before it strikes another randomly moving molecule, is called the 'mean free path'. The altitude at which the mean free path is so long, that inter-atomic or molecular collisions can be neglected, is called the thermopause: It is estimated to be at about 650 km's of altitude.
In the low atmosphere, where the mean free path is very short, there is little or no detectable separation of gas species by their weight ... but, starting at about 100 km's of altitude, separation does take place.
In the exosphere (above 700 km's of altitude) molecules and atoms travel in ballistic orbits, under the influence of gravity. Some of the molecules, mainly hydrogen and helium, move into escape orbits and leak into outer space.
We are a self-created species which has the capacity to change and modify its genetic programming. We are able to change and modify what we perceive and how we perceive, and also the nature of our attitudes, beliefs, goals and behaviour.
At one's birth, one's doctor intervenes by smacking one's bottom, and our response is to intervene by uttering a cry of indignation. Each act, word and thought is an intervention. All life is interventionist.
All viewpoints and paradigms are models and, as Margaret Masterman points out, they have a characteristic crudeness. Of course, presentation may involve subtlety but the paradigm itself is a crude model. Can a model be anything other than crude?: I think not, for modelling is by its nature a crude process. When we create a mental paradigm, we are attempting to construct a thought-copy of some aspect of reality ... and that construct is a crude copy or description of reality. For instance, any copy or description of a rose is a crude copy or description: It is a rough approximation.
Imbrie and Imbrie ('Ice Ages', pub. 1979) provided a table of global mean temperatures 900-1950AD, which revealed lows at 1400 and 1700AD and highs at 1200, 1300 and 1900-1940AD ... and all table temperatures were within the range of 12.5 degrees C to 14.0 degrees C. They also provided a table of global mean temperatures 10000ya to Oya, which showed a starting temperature of 10.5 degrees C 10000ya, rising to a peak of 16.5 degrees C 6700ya, dropping to 13.5 degrees C 5500ya, then rising to 16.0 degrees C 4000ya, then dropping to 12.5 degrees C 3000ya, then rising to 15.5 degrees C 1200ya, then dropping to 12.5 degrees C 500ya and 200ya.
Imbrie and Imbrie ('Ice Ages', pub. 1979) gave as their opinion that a drop in ice age temperatures will be signalled by changes in rainfall, and disruption of existing patterns of food production ... and accompanying drastic cultural changes.
The reduction of global mean temperatures, from an interglacial peak of 16.5 degrees C 6700ya to the present 14.5 degrees C, is evidenced by the fact species of oak trees and edible mussels, that are today entirely absent from Scandinavia, flourished there 7000ya. Elsewhere in Europe, vegetation belts have either moved steadily southward, or have been driven down to lower elevations.
According to Kukla, ice-age pulsations at 100,000-year cycles were due to orbital eccentricity and there were also 41,000-year and 19,000 to 23,000-year cycles due to variations of axis movement. Kukla considered the 100,000year cycle to be the most dominant, but van den Heuvel identified the 41,000-year cycle as the dominant pulse.
Any postulation that orbital eccentricity and/or variations of axis motion are the primary cause of the ice-ages fails to address the question as to what has caused the Earth to expand seven times in volume over the past 180my's, and also fails to address the implications of volcanism/ temperature correlation (ref. Professor Hubert Lamb's dust-veil research findings).
It is clear that volcanism is the proximate cause of the ice-ages, and that variations of mean global temperature during the ice-age quaternary (in the range 19 degrees C to -2 degrees C) are due to variations of volcanic activity, orbital eccentricity, variations in sunspot activity, and variations of axis motion ... and that the albedo effect intensifies and prolongs glaciations, once they have been initiated. The precession of the Earth's mantle, relative to the core, may also have an effect on the timing/incidence of volcanism, and thus on the mean global temperature.
During interglacials, the Gulf Stream flowed NE across the Atlantic (from Cape Hatteras towards Great Britain). During glacials, it took an easterly course towards Spain. The ocean currents marched, as it were, to this 100,000-year beat ... swinging like a gate, hinged at Cape Hatteras. A sign of returning glaciation would be a southerly migration of the eastern reaches of the Gulf Stream, from Great Britain towards Spain.
The following is a note on the NZ economic situation, as of June, 1996: The more we attempt to curb inflation, by high interest rates, the more foreign investment will come in. This investment causes increased consumer demand (as asset-sellers spend much of their sale-receipts) and causes inflationary price pressures. High interest rates tend to discourage local production ... and export production/ sales are dampened by exchange rate increases (due to high interest rates and foreign investment inflows) ... and, as interest rates rise, share prices become more stagnant. But foreign investment still flows in and employment remains at good levels ... and demand (flowing from foreign investment) tends to improve local sales sales and profits. While foreign investment inflows remain high, the NZ economy will remain buoyant and interest rates will remain high and inflationary pressures will continue.
In July 1996, two USA scientists discovered that the Earth's core rotates faster than the mantle. The core is now seen as preceding the mantle eastwards at 19.31 km's per annum, at the equator. This precession is believed to generate the Earth's magnetic field.
It has been calculated that a 1.5% increase in the power of the 15-30 km's altitude de-insolation layer, would decrease mean global temperature by 1.5 degrees C and that this would be enough to trigger the onset of an ice-age.
Once global mean temperature drops below 13 degrees C, the extended ice and surface-water cover sets off a cumulative Albedo effect. As the ice and surface-water cover increases, the Albedo effect increases.
The angle of Earth-axis tilt varies from 22 degrees to 24.5 degrees. The greater the tilt, the greater the contrast between summer and winter. This obliquity cycles over 41,000 years. The axis angle is now 23.5 degrees, and it is decreasing.
The Earth's orbit around the sun is an ellipse, and the distance the Earth is from the sun varies over the year. When the Earth is distant from the sun, summers will be cooler and less ice will melt ... and, over time, snow and ice will build up. This ellipticity cycle manifests over 100,000 years.
East Friesian milk-sheep are heavy milk producers. Improved animals produce up to 1,300lbs of milk (testing 6% fat) in one lactation of 228 days. In New Zealand (1996) milk, from these sheep, has an ex-farm price of one NZ$ per litre ... and this is, of course, mainly for use in cheese manufacture. The East Friesian ewes are good lambers, and they have excellent body weight, growth rate and maternal qualities. The quality of their milk is much superior to that of cows' milk. Gross income yield per hectare from East Friesian milk-sheep may be NZ$5,700-$6,000, as compared with NZ$2,800-$3,000 from a good cow dairy-farm operation.
A fact is that which we know to be true. Some unimaginative realists will only accept as facts what they can see, kick, or bite upon. Imaginative people tend to accept a wider range of events and things as facts. Factuality depends primarily on personal perception and understanding.
From a spiritual point of view, if one can defend oneself only by hurting another, one should not defend oneself. Those, who are spiritually aware, tend not to defend themselves: They don't feel the need.
It is an inescapable aspect of the human condition to be biased: To be human is to be biased. Strive as we may to be otherwise, we nevertheless remain biased. We each have a unique and singular view of existence ... and, by reason of this alone, each of us is biased.
It is paradoxical that, when logic conflicts with common sense, common sense is also logical. Every course of action can be rationalised. When logic conflicts with common sense, is when the common sense course of action has not yet been rationalised.
A key aspect of my work is to develop prediction-valid models, which will provide vector-bearings on the future. That some of these models will be arguable is inevitable but, as to prediction, it suffices that they be instrumentally and pragmatically reliable.
We are transfinite beings and much of our transfinity has been traumatised by the big-bang and engrammatically locked into time-space tensing. The big-bang has tensed singularity into past-present-future. As we live, we progressively self-realise and collapse the timespace tension, and become realised transfinite beings.
The time-space universe is a tensed stretch of singularity. As we gain in self-realisation, we release the shrink-energy (imparted at the big-bang) and we detraumatise the universe from time-space expression to singularity.
In concentrating his thoughts upon the future, a predictor develops specialised neuron-areas of his brain, with axons and dendrites reaching out prehensively ... and developing ever greater predictive capabilities.
As a predictor develops his ability to comprehend the future, he also develops his ability to create the future. The knowing of the future and the creation of the future are integrally one ... and the exercise involves a return to singularity.
We have a great deal of information, and the processing of it (that is, the thinking) is lagging behind the information intake. Computers can't do the thinking for us: We need to greatly develop our thinking abilities.
Paradigms and viewpoints are transfinite, and not separate finitely but separate as Cantor aleph-plus categories are separate. We now insight the transfinity of the mind, and of concepts and ideas. Our mental life is transfinite life: Mentally, we realise our transfinity. (See also propositions 8872-8880).
If a prophet says to himself, 'I cannot tell them this, for they will not believe it', then he is no longer a prophet. A prophet must speak the truth which comes to him, regardless of how it may be received.
INDEX to the Network Propositions
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