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8000 - 8199
Nuclear scientists consider that leptons (that is, neutrinos, electrons and muons) have zero intrinsic rest-mass. According to Einstein, all nuclear particles have zero intrinsic rest-mass ... for all mass is energy, and energy is never at rest and it has no rest-mass.
Tree ring studies from the bristlecone pine, the oldest living tree species, suggest that the Earth has been cooling for at least 6,800 years. A study, by two Caltec scientists (of deuterium and hydrogen incidence in annual growth rings) indicates that mean annual temperatures have declined about 5 degrees C, from 480OBC to the present. The ratio of deuterium and hydrogen increases in tree rings as the climatic temperature rises. The indications are that mean global temperature climbed slightly until about 6800 years ago, and then started a long cooling slide. The trend flattened out from about 2,000 to 400 years ago and then another cold period started. The coldest period was 17001900AD and there was a slight warming 1900-1940AD. The bristlecone pine temperatures are in general agreement with those of the Devon Island (North Canada) drilled icecore findings. The cooling trends, thus measured, may well be reliably indicative of global trends.
|(est.) Gravity of Earth's mass||2.8 (+)|
|(est.) Explosive-accelerant force of expansion (from core explosion)||1.5 (-)|
|(est.) Centrifugal force||0.3 (-)|
Alterations to bacterial genes can harden the outer membranes of bacteria, so that antibiotic drugs cannot enter. Bacterial populations can switch from vulnerability (to say penicillin) to resistance, in hours or days.
Faced with a threat to their survival (such as use of antibiotics), some bacteria will stretch out their membranes and cytoplasms, reaching out to one another in an act called sexual conjugation. During this act, one bacterium will pass copies of vital resistance genes to the other.
The southern hemisphere, at 30-90 degrees of latitude, is covered by an ozone hole for several weeks each year, from early December. A polar vortex is created by strong winds, from August to October, which act as a wall and impede the access of winds carrying fresh ozone from the tropics.
With ozone depletion warming the polar regions and volcanic eruptions cooling the lower latitudes, global temperature differences will be further reduced. Major changes will continue to weather patterns of the mid-latitudes ... and El Niño will continue to operate, as a regular feature.
Evidence of Antarctic warming is not evidence of global warming. Antarctic warming (from ozone depletion) results from increased global volcanism, which is causing an overall cooling of the biosphere. Paradoxically, Antarctic warming is signalling a return to ice-age conditions. As volcanism continues to reinforce the stratospheric deinsolation layer, cooling effects will predominate over warming effects at the Antarctic.
Volcanic emissions of chlorine and sulphur are the major proximate cause of ozone depletion, as well as the major proximate cause of the stratospheric deinsolation layer. As ozone depletion warms high latitudes and as the deinsolation layer cools all other latitudes, volcanism is reducing the latitudinal temperature differentials.
There is evidence that the Antarctic has been warming for 40-50 years, with recent summers 1 to 1½ degrees C warmer than previously. The warming is more noticeable in the summer than the winter. This warming probably coincides with the incidence of ozone depletion.
As ozone depletion is more pronounced in the Antarctic than in the Arctic, Antarctica will experience slightly warmer summers, and the southern icecap will not extend as far to low latitudes, as the northern icecap. During the last iceage, the northern icecap extended to about 45 degrees N, while the southern icecap extended to about 55 degrees S.
Einstein accorded light-speed the status of a constant, but elsewhere he stated that everything is relative to the observer. If everything is relative to the observer, the velocity of light is also relative to the observer. Time, space and observers are all relative, so light-speed, as a function of these, must surely also be relative. A function of three relativities can only be a relativity.
Electronic components are now being implanted in human brains. Microchip devices may be connected to platinum wires which are then fused and implanted in the brain. Many of these implants are cochlear, to restore hearing to the deaf. Some restore partial sight; some control epilectic seisures; some restore hand-grip to paralysed patients.
Microchip implants can now interface with the brain, providing complex instructions to mechanical parts and also monitoring brain activity. Medical scientists now envisage a time when microchips will be attached to living neural circuits, in order to upgrade memory and intellectual capacities. In the foreseeable future, we may be able to link computers and cognisers directly to the brain and, even by remote control.
Research, carried out from a submersible in 1991 at the East Pacific sub-ocean construction ridge, found that volcanic water emissions contained only one-twelfth the salt content of normal seawater. The water was highly acidic, and contained large amounts of hydrogen sulphide ... the most concentrated yet observed anywhere in the oceans. Emission-water temperatures of 750 degrees F were observed at the erupting fissures of the construction ridge.
According to a November, 1992 UN report, ozone levels have dropped to their lowest in decades. There had been major depletion over N.Europe, Russia, Canada, S.Argentina and Chile. There had been severe depletion in both hemispheres. Jan.-Mar. Average levels in Moscow, Stockholm. Oslo and cities of N.Germany and UK were 15-20% below normal. A depletion of 65% was recorded over Antarctica, in late September-early October. Balloon recordings showed complete ozone destruction in a layer 14-19 kilometres above Antarctica. Ozone destruction was being blamed for the increasing levels of human cancers, but also for reducing farm crop yields. Increased UV exposure harms organic molecules and is inimical to cell growth/reproduction.
As earthquake waves are transmitted through the Earth, this indicates that the Earth is a plastic body. The existence of a central core is indicated by the behaviour of earthquake waves. As the core transmits secondary waves very poorly (if at all), it has little or no rigidity. As liquids and plasmas have no rigidity, the core may be composed of either liquid or plasma: This network posits a plasma core (ref. propositions 900-914).
The mathematical concept of 'phase space' envisages all positional and velocity data of a system (at a moment frozen in time), being represented by a point. As the system changes over time, the point moves, and its trajectory is a tracing in 'phase space'. A chaotic two-dimensional plot resolves as a paired-vortex (butterfly) in 'phase space'. The 'phase space' concept enables us to watch changes more easily. A system, whose variables change frequently, becomes a moving point, like a fly moving around a room. Where it doesn't move can be as revealing as where it does move.
The mean air temperature of the biosphere is 14 degrees C and it decreases with altitude, as to a 6.5 degree C reduction with each kilometre of height, up to a height of 11 kilometres, where the temperature is about minus 57 degrees C: It then remains constant from 11 to 20 kilometres altitude and then starts to increase.
The Earth's atmosphere is divided into discrete layers, with very little interchange of air between them. Most weather phenomena take place in the troposphere, from 0-11 kilometres of altitude. The lower the altitude, the thicker or higher the troposphere.
Atmospheric subsidence warms air (at plus 10 degrees C for each kilometre of descent) and creates temperature inversion (increase of temperature with height) at the bottom of the subsiding layer.
In chaos science, it has been found that a simple key code is sufficient to invoke an object's strange-attractor, in all its detail. It is probable that perception works in the same way, and that we use simple key codes to trigger the appearance (in our minds) of fully detailed images.
How is it that a massed audience shares similar views of a spectacle? Probably because members of the audience possess key codes of perception in common. These codes may be part of our genetic inheritance.
The analysis of sensory messages seems to proceed in small steps, with each step producing a rearrangement of the information provided by preceding steps. With each reorganisation, different features in the sensory message are extracted. Sometimes, the information provided by previous states is made more specific: And, sometimes, a more general feature is extracted by combination of responses at preceding stages.
The reduction of information, as the message proceeds through the system, seems to follow a basic rule ... namely, to find changes in the signal pattern. The strategy seems to be one of comparison: Differences are noted and consistencies are suppressed.
Neurons in the visual system detect lines, angles, movement and colour. There is a hierarchy of specialised neural detectors ... from centre-surround units, through simple, complex, and hyper-complex cells.
A different sequence, of RNA bases, yields a different protein, and it is possible that the sequence of bases (and their relative concentrations) may be altered by an animal's experience in a learning situation. RNA molecules may be experiential modifiers of DNA programmes.
We have two brains, or two halves that are almost exact duplicates of each other. These halves communicate with each other via a massive set of nerve fibres, called the corpus callosum. The left and right halves of the brain seem to be aware of what each is doing. It is possible that each halfb-rain can work independently of the other.
If one is in a position where a number of conversations are going on in a room and one listens to a particular conversation, this causes logs of the others. It is not possible to listen to two or more different conversations simultaneously.
Objects tend to have established uses in given situations: They tend to have perceived functional fixity. Perception usually tends to be iconic and automatic, whereas creative thinking tends to be iconoclastic and initiative.
Chaos scientists have noted a tendency of nearby trajectories to pull away from one another. A Lyapunov exponent, greater than zero, indicates stretching ... that is, the tendency of nearby points to separate. All exponents for a fixed-point attractor are negative, as the pull is inwards toward singularity. A strange attractor has to have at least one positive Lyapunov exponent.
Some systems, of micro-topology, have both an orderly impulse (or proclivity) and a disorderly impulse (or proclivity): One impulse leads to clock-like precision, and the other impulse leads to randomicity. Both impulses may be defined and measured.
The raw information we receive is mainly random ... and we need to gather in as many bits of information as we can, in order to obtain a more reliable picture of the parts and of the whole. This indicates the value of a multiparadigmatic approach, such as this present propositional network.
Macro-patterns transmit information to micro-patterns, and vice versa. The strange-attractors of chaos science, are micro-systems which are transmitting information upwards to macro-systems. A strange-attractor may be a feedback from a previous macro-to-micro transmission.
You don't perceive a thing until you have a key to access that thing. Each thing is a strange-attractor which may be accessed by many keys. If someone tells us what to look for and what it looks like, we are thereby given an access-key to perceive it.
An example of phase-space graphing (of drops of water falling from a dripping tap) is as follows: The x axis is taken to represent a time interval between a pair of drops, and the y axis is taken to represent the next time interval. If 150 milliseconds passed between drops one and two, and then 150 milliseconds passed between drops two and three, we plot a point at position 150-150. We find that the time intervals between drops is not constant, and the resultant phase-space patterns become a new way of perceiving the phenomena ... that is, a new paradigm.
Phase-space topology is a classic example of our creative ability to perceive shapes where no such shapes were perceivable before. By such discoveries, our species progressively creates its environment.
As we are transfinite beings in a transfinite universe, it is pointless to ask whether new images existed before their discovery. By our creative perception, discovered things are brought forth finitely from transfinity, as subsets of transfinity ... but all things remain essentially transfinite.
Truly random data are spread out as an undefined scatter, in phase-space graphings ... but chaos-deterministic patterns seem to pull the data into discernible shapes. Of all the possible paths of disorder, nature chooses just a few. Strange-attractors are the paths so chosen ... and it is probable that evolutionary necessities exercise the pattern-pulls.
As macro-patterns and micro-patterns are mutually indicative, so macro-spatial and micro-spatial patterns are mutually indicative ... and also macro-temporal and micro-temporal patterns are mutually indicative.
Existence is an Absolute. As the Absolute is infinite, its qualities are infinite, and its energy quality is infinite. As energy expresses, not infinitely but within light parameters, the square of light-speed (C²) becomes the limiting factor in Einstein's equations ... E = MC² ... and ... E/C² = M.
Light-speed squared (C²) is the resistance operant of the finite state, which sets the expansion limit or stretch limit of the physical universe ... that is, the limit beyond which infinite energy does not extend itself in physical expression.
Light-speed squared (C²) operates as a resistor, whereby absolute energy is enabled to express, at lesser powers than infinity. Light-speed squared is, at once, the signature of expression and the limit of expression.
The transition, from finity to transfinity, operates like a rheostat, where the finite state is the state of highest resistance, and the infinite state is the state of zero resistance ... and transfinite states are states of intermediate resistance.
All existence is the creation of our species. Visual abilities and light are creations of our species, of itself. Our species has created itself and its environment, of itself ... and, in so doing, it has created the light by which it is able to perceive its creations.
Everything is light: There is nothing except light: Even darkness is defined in terms of light. When we examine matter in detail, we can discover nothing but light: There is nothing else to discover. And it is we (our species) who have created light: We are a light species ... a species of light.
Our species has evolved self-creatively: We are a self-created species. Where A is the Absolute, CI is the creative intelligence of our species, and M is mass, we have the equation ... A/CI = M. As we perceive the Absolute (A) as energy (E), the equation becomes ... E/CI = M.
The creative intelligence (CI) perceives everything in terms of light: We live visually, in a visual universe. Creative intelligence (CI) may be expressed as light-speed squared (C²), and our equation becomes ... E/C² = M ... or ... E = MC² (Einstein's equation).
Although acquired characteristics may not seem to be inherited, we inherit the abilities to acquire characteristics. We may say that, indirectly, acquired characteristics are inherited ... and this assertion may be stronger in relation to a species than to its individuals. Genes are integrally related with their environments, and they cannot be realistically or meaningfully perceived other than in their environmental context.
We keep the past and future separate from the present because we can't handle them all together in our conscious mind. In the same way that we differentiate objects in order to make living easier for us, so also we differentiate time. Time-tensing is purely a matter of pragmatics: We use time as a means of living.
We are self-created beings of the void: What do we do?: Do we just dwell in void or do we create something?: If we create something, how do we go about it? We tense the void and we gather it in time and space ... and we make it move ... and, from the tensing, we create forms. And, through all this, we are one being ... one sovereign being.
Now, where we focus our attention, we call the present ... but there is only one sovereign time. We are an integer: Existence is one integrated absolute. As we shift and change the focus of our attention, time shifts. The flow of time is the changing focus of attention.
It is important to realise that our consciousness is transfinite and that we live all time now: We live the past now and the future now, as much as we live the present now. Time is integrally one and we only tense it for pragmatic reasons.
Really and transfinitely, we are one with time, and we live in and with time ... that is, with undifferentiated potential time ... where past and future are integrally one with the present. The time potential is the potential of our attention and of our will.
We are of the void: There is nothing but void. We create ideas and, of them, objects and events ... in order that we may achieve our purposes. But, when we look closely at these creations, we discover that they are insubstantial ... and we realise that we created them of the void and that, still, there is nothing but void. Or, perhaps we should say that there is nothing but us ... an absolute and transfinite us.
When we creatures of the void build in the void, all components of what we build must of necessity be tautological: All points of reference are the same ... namely, our transfinite and absolute species-self.
The spirit perceives physical universes as drifting islands of cohered thought. Spirits don't dwell there: Only physical bodies dwell there ... like puppets, which move, in stead of their spirits, at the gateway ... and spirits may perceive themselves partly in the puppet-images, as in a strangely limited mirror.
We have the physical organs of the body and the psychological organs of the personality. These are so integrally related and mutually implicated that we may say they are both organs of the human monad.
When we pray to the Absolute, we pray to the entire living species, and we pray on behalf of the entire living species. What we are doing is seeking to empathise with the whole of existence. We have a natural yearning to be in ever more vital living oneness with the Absolute.
The human chakra system is important. When the individual is aware of the lively functioning of its chakras and what their function is, the individual is aware of itself as an integrated physical/mental/spiritual being ... and has come to a mature realisation of its nature and powers.
As it is not possible to attend to two or more different conversations simultaneously, so also it is not possible to attend to two or more different paradigms simultaneously. So how does one attend to the multiplicity of paradigms of this propositional network? As the Absolute is wholly in each of its parts, so it is in each of its paradigms. Each paradigm is a signature of the Absolute. A prediction scientist must be able to read these signatures as one: The Absolute's signature is common to them all: Prediction is a matter of gleaning the essence of them all.
There is general confusion or perceived-randomicity of information. Most people have a desire to make sense out of this perceived-randomicity, and they appreciate any person who can assist them to do so. Such a person becomes a de facto leader, of a spiritual kind.
A nation's law is unitary and totalitarian ... and governments must be totalitarian to uphold the nation's laws. Each government has, of necessity, a monopoly of the legal power of its nation ... and legal power equates political power, for political power is the power to make and uphold laws.
In the same way that genes compete in order to strengthen the species, so also individuals and groups and nations and races compete, to strengthen the species. Conflict is of the very essence of life.
However civilised nations may appear in their relations with one another, at the covert level they struggle against each other in a primaeval way. The covert war between nations is unceasing and amoral ... and it is the raison d'etre of the secret services of nations.
In their primaeval competitive struggle, nations may form temporary alliances of convenience, but such alliances can never be permanent ... for the ever-swirling change of events can convert this year's ally into next year's enemy.
While the declared policies of a nation may conform to avowed ideals of democracy and human rights, its covert policies may be undemocratic and brutal. Every nation has two personalities: The Jekyll personality is that which it assumes for civilised communications ... and the Hyde personality is the primaeval beast of its covert behaviour.
In the same way that the fictional Hyde personality overcame the Jekyll personality, nations which give too much rein to their covert activities can find that they may become seriously corrupted by them.
The secret services of nations continue the bio-struggle covertly, at the primaeval level. Their function is to maximise the survivalist information available to their nation and to minimise (and confuse) such information as is available to non-symbiotic nations. Some secret services have been permitted to extend their function to include more actively interventionist forms of covert warfare.
By reason of the primaeval nature of their function, national secret services tend to be paranoid, unprincipled, devious, cunning, powerful, aggressive, amoral, alawful, brutal and cynical: To them, the ends invariably justify the means.
A virgin mind is an uncorrupted mind ... that is, one which is uncorrupted by desires, emotions, hedonism, egoism, venality and bias. It is a mind which is pristine and unsullied ... like clear, pure spring water: It is a mind which seeks and finds its rewards in its simple faith in the spirit of truth.
A predictor needs not only to ascertain the future but also to show people what the future will be, and to teach them how to anticipate it and recognise it. He needs to be both prophetic and instructive as to what the future will be: In short, he needs to prepare them for it.
As a predictor uses words and 'paints' word-pictures, he is by way of being a poet: His art relates more to the art of a poet than to the art of a painter or musician ... but there is a resemblance to every art, for all art is one.
Prediction has a sculptural aspect. As the predictor works on the future, he feels living shapes and they move and form ... and some shapes and forms seem more real than others ... and the whole scenario seems to come into being, as a sculpture comes into being.
In preparing my predictions, I need to create word pictures or word images which are evocative and memorable ... and, by doing this, I will bring the future scenarios to life in the minds of readers. I need to make my predictions not only accurate but also artistically qualitative and psychologically powerful.
Some people, when they read my predictions, react with incredulity, scepticism and doubt ... but, when the predictions come to pass, they tend to say 'oh, it was just a matter of common-sense anyway'. They seem reluctant to acknowledge that someone is better at prediction than they are, and also they are reluctant to accept and rely upon someone else's predictions.
Individuals know instinctively and intuitively that their particular future is personal and private and peculiar to them, as individuals, and they resent sharing that private future with any one else, and they are very reluctant to concede that any one else can know it in advance.
The way existence operates, and theoretical models of its operations, are two different things. A theoretical model is an abstraction from reality, and this must always be recognised. Even multi-paradigmatic models are still abstractions. What then can we rely on?
As the Absolute is wholly in each thing and thought, its signature is everywhere: It becomes a matter of insight to perceive the meaning of the signatures ... and insight is a function of the intuitive intellect.
Vectoring on the future may be perceived in terms of two main navigational fixes, namely a fix based on theoretical models and a fix based on insights of the intuitive intellect. Both of these vector fixes are necessary, with the one checking against the other.
Our species survives and develops pragmatically, and its de facto rationalisings are pragmatic, and its de facto philosophies are pragmatic, and even its religions are essentially pragmatic: All is pragmatic.
INDEX to the Network Propositions
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