2200 - 2299
Approximately one-third of the total population are prone to mental ill-health. Half of these, that is one-sixth of the total, are very unstable emotionally. Approximately 10% of the total population need psychiatric or psychological treatment.
The average attention span is poor, and the average person is easily distracted and easily confused.
Approximately one-half of the people are gullible or easily led. Out of an average, random group of ten people, two are likely to have strong, unshakable convictions; five are likely to be swayed one way or another; and the remaining three are likely to be disinterested or apathetic.
An effective leader is one who is intelligent and shrewd, as well as possessing charisma, dominance, courage, perseverence, initiative and other supportive traits.
The most dangerous leader is one whose leadership abilities are greater than his/her intellectual abilities. Such a leader may lead followers over a steep cliff.
Every coherent social group has accepted behavioural patterns, to which each member tends to conform. Conforming, patterned behaviour is known as role-playing. Each occupational group (lawyers, policemen, clergymen, salesmen, researchers etc.) has a recognisable and distinctive psychological behaviour-profile. When a person joins a particular occupational group, the newcomer tends to modify personal behaviour to conform with the group's behaviour-profile.
A mob has a psyche which manifests as a personality, rather than as a collection of individuals. Mob hysteria may be aroused to an intensity where the atmosphere becomes 'electric' and supercharged with psychic energy ... and individuals become submerged, as it were, in the powerful mob-psyche. Demagogues may orchestrate such conditions and lead mobs on an emotional basis, which may be devoid of rationality ... and which may lead (in the case of Nazism, for instance) to actions more bestial than human.
Demagogic rhetoric, aimed at persuasion rather than truth, works upon the popular propensity to be duped, and democracy is devalued in the process.
Most individuals and groups are leadable and impressionable ... and susceptible to ebbs and flows of psychic forces which operate on an instinctive and non-rational level.
Success in achieving wealth is largely a function of intelligence, cunning, perception, acquisitiveness, greed, ruthlessness, ambition, imagination, creativity, initiative and drive. Opportunity helps, but a person with the aforementioned qualities tends to create opportunities.
Excuses tend to be cowardly, ignoble and petty.
People either tend to impute their own motives to others or to impute the basest motives to others.
To the pure, all is pure.
People tend to assume that others see the world as they see it.
Other things equal, a person's attention focuses on present events, to the exclusion of past events.
Where powerful motivations are involved, such as security and procreation, these may override other claims for a person's attention.
Threats to life claim attention according to their degree of immediacy, direfulness and magnitude.
Past traumas claim attention when triggered by present events and they obtrude according to their original strength and the degree to which they are evoked.
Preoccupation with past events and past traumas tends to divert attention from the present and to reduce a person's ability to cope with present events.
A person of good mental health tends to focus most attention upon the present, whereas the attention of a person of poor mental health is often scattered on the time-track ... that is, held captive by various past experiences.
Where an individual's attention is focused, is where its persona is focused.
The process of self-realisation involves freeing oneself from enslavement to past traumas.
The path to freedom involves introspective action to set one's own persona free. It is far more important to set yourself free than for other people to set you free.
If your own persona is free, no one can enslave you.
Any lack of freedom we suffer is, in the final analysis, self-imposed.
Psychological personality and aptitude testing, for personnel selection, will become more reliable and will come into more general use.
Ability, intelligence and leadership have no need of formal empowerment: If people require empowerment, they are suspect.
The need to represent and to be represented has more to do with struggle for power than struggle for freedom.
Freedom is unfettered but representation and representational government impose constraints upon freedom.
Possession of political power involves the wielding of power over others: Political power is opposed to freedom.
People scurry, without knowing why they are scurrying, or where they are scurrying to ... and they follow each other and imitate each other, in waves and patterns and excitements of frenzied movements. Their truths and beliefs are imitative and communal ... and they feel instinctively that their best chances of survival rest with their social groups.
Fear, aggression and emulation are contagious in human populations.
Individual space is that space, centred on an individual, that is kept free of other individuals by resorting to aggressive or avoidance behaviour. The individual space should be larger in front of an animal than behind.
There is a minimum size of territory, upon which any further encroachment is bitterly and strenuously resisted.
The larger the population, the greater the fraction which is forced into a surplus status and deprived of an opportunity to breed.
As population density grows, a point is reached where many individuals are subordinate everywhere ... and increments to population occur mainly among the subordinates, and mainly among the subordinates' young.
Subordinate individuals are those who are forced to defer or relinquish their reproductive, social or economic rights in favour of a dominant group. The role of subordinate individuals is important in many human populations, where subordinates compose the majority.
A natural response of an animal living in a state of forced subordination is to seek an area where he can be dominant ... or, in the case of a female, an area where she can raise her young.
Increased adreno-cortical secretion increases mortality indirectly (in high-density populations) through lowering the resistance to disease.
Low-ranking subordinates are most affected by overcrowding.
Aggressive behaviour sets an upper limit on breeding density and population numbers of a species/area.
The behaviour of every animal-species, including humankind, has been profoundly influenced by its evolutionary history, even in respect of minute details of behaviour.
Genetic effects an behaviour take place at molecular, cell, organ, body-system and group interaction levels: Genetic effects on behaviour are all-embracing.
Comparative neuro-anatomy provides many examples of species differences in brain structures which correlate with behavioural differences. The nervous system has a crucially important role in patterns of gene-related behaviour.
Competing individuals do not share space, they divide it.
As a dominant individual moves further from its power-base, it diminishes in influence.
The processes and intricacies of dominant/subordinate behaviour have contributed to the evolution of intelligence.
Density-dependent processes stabilise the size of a population more efficiently than density-independent processes.
The more aggressive a community, the greater the per capita incidence of weapons, violent crime and litigation.
As per capita ability increases, per capita requirements of time-space and energy-quality increase. In other words, an educated, intelligent person is likely to require more living space; is likely to be healthier; is likely to live longer; is likely to use more energy-quality and, of course, the money which commands it.
Ability is a function of creative intelligence and education. Education releases and realises the innate creative intelligence of a population. Education directly affects the per capita requirements of living space, health and wealth.
As information is central to education, increased communications impact directly on requirements for living space, health and wealth.
Communications and education cause subordinate sections of populations to aspire to greater dominance ... and to struggle and fight for it, whereas previously they submitted.
Defensive capability implies offensive capability: Defence and offence are mutually implicated.
Communication is a process by which the behaviour of an individual affects the behaviour of others.
The greater the level of communication, the greater the behavioural effects on the populations involved.
A biological species is characterised by free actual or potential interchange of genes, within its species population.
Attention is a selective process in which responsivity to one set of stimuli is raised relative to other sets. We ignore most of out sensory input most of the time, yet we are able to sense even weak stimuli if our attention is focused upon them.
Human behaviour is essentially genetically-encoded behaviour. All human traits and behaviour patterns are essentially genotypical.
Increased communications impact significantly upon the level of aggression.
By raising the levels of aggression, increased communications set an upper limit on population density.
By stimulating the wants of subordinate populations, and raising levels of awareness of inability to satisfy wants, promotional advertising raises the levels of frustration and aggression.
Communication involves a kind of confrontation ... for, by bringing the world closer to us, our perceived living space is reduced and our psychological private world becomes more crowded. Some communications are welcome and some are unwelcome. The more unwelcome communications we receive, the more uncomfortable and tense we become.
Immune systems are systems of biological order. As cohesion decreases (with increasing entropy), order decreases and immune order-systems become less effective. Once it starts to move downwards, the population curve will follow approximately the same down-slope as the cohesion curve.
Creative intelligence, information, communications, advertising, conflict, change, aggression, violence, crime, and reduced disease-immunity, are all entropic and are all mutually implicative.
When, as in many countries, most of the land is owned by a small minority, the majority are biologically subordinate. In industrialised countries, the workers are subordinate. Farm workers are subordinate. All who serve involuntarily are subordinate ... and, as population grows, more are becoming subordinate. Worldwide, dominant individuals are approximately 5% of the population and subordinate individuals 95%.
Mass production, religions, entertainments and prostitution cater for the needs of mainly subordinate populations. Democracy carries with it the illusion of the subordinates' voice/will ... but it is dominant individuals who actually rule and govern. Dominants control the land and the wealth and the government and the businesses and the destiny of the nation.
As soon as a subordinate becomes a dominant, he/she ceases to represent subordinates, in reality. A Union leader is a dominant and behaves as such and cannot escape being such. Dominants are born such, by inheritance and by their dominant personality/ability traits.
As the human race has increased in numbers, the dominance-subordinance ratio has progressively reduced from approximately 1/5 to 1/20, and has moved from a stable situation to an unstable one ... to one of increasing unemployment, crime and general alienation.
Industrialisation, which created wealth and jobs, has passed into its automation phase and now withdraws job opportunities from subordinates. Consequently, subordinate populations are becoming ever more deprived, restive and violent.
We have increasing physical, biological, psychological, ecological, social, economic and political instability. We have increasing spiritual stability. Thus, the quality of cohesion remains unabated and absolute.
If you think that what a person is saying is not worth listening to, this means that you are not fully conscious of what that person is saying. However, you are sub-consciously aware of what is being said.
As the rate of entropy changes, the geometry of value changes. This may be illustrated by plotting time against value (stored energy) or time against future benefit flows. Stored energy disperses more rapidly as we shift forward in time, and future benefit flows reduce progressively as we shift forward in time. As a consequence, the pure interest rate increases progressively over time.
Interest is composed of three elements, namely pure interest, monetary inflation, and risk.
Whereas sixty years ago the rate of pure interest was in the order of 2% p.a., in 1992 it is in the order of 5% p.a. It will increase progressively in future.
Governments generally seek to reduce rates of interest below their free-market levels, for the following reasons:
- (a) To minimise the cost of financing the ever-growing burden of public debt.
- (b) To minimise voter antagonism concerning high rates of mortgage interest and business loans.
- (c) To assist local industries, stimulate local economies and minimise unemployment.
By reason of government actions to reduce rates of interest, average global interest rates are currently lower than they would be under free-market conditions.
When a country keeps its interest rates lower than free-market rates, this will generally lead to an outflow of international investment funds from that country. The country concerned will also have difficulty in refinancing old public debt and financing new public debt. Consequently all countries, other than those with a favourable balance of payments, will be forced to allow their interest rates to rise to competitive free-market levels.
During 1993, average global rates of pure interest will rise from 5% to 6% p.a. Of course, to these rates, risk and inflation elements must be added.
As aggregations and stores of energy dissipate progressively, so the power of their owners and managers dissipate progressively.
As energy randomises, individuals and institutions have less control over the release of energy. As power pertains to the control of energy-release, power is reduced as energy randomises.
As stores of energy dissipate, the power of individuals, groups and governments dissipates. The power-bases of all forms of authority are progressively reduced.
Assets are stores of energy and, with increasing entropy, assets devalue more quickly.
Money objectifies energy, in the form of negotiable claims upon assets and factors of production, distribution and exchange.
As energy randomises, it loses value ... and assets and money likewise lose value.
As energy randomises, money randomises and loses value ... that is to say, rates of monetary inflation increase.
Purchasing power is a function of supply: If there is no supply, there is no purchasing power: And, conversely, if there is no purchasing power, there is no supply.
As automation reduces wages and purchasing power, it reduces supply.
Only stored energy and energy flows have value: Randomised energy has no value.
Income is the excess of the value of energy outputs over the value of energy inputs.
The value of energy is a function of the supply of energy relative to demand.
As time progresses, energy will become more plentiful relative to demand ... and energy outputs will decrease in value.
As stores of energy are losing value at a progressively faster rate, people will tend to use such stores now rather than defer usage to the future. In economic terms, liquidity preference is increasing.
Interest is a cost of producing energy ... and increasing rates of interest increase the cost (value) of energy-inputs required to produce any given level of energy-outputs.
As energy-inputs are in higher-value present terms, and as energy-outputs are in lower-value future terms, income is being rapidly reduced.
When no net energy gains can be made by the expenditure of energy, no operations can be economically gainful.
Under conditions of decreasing energy-value, incomes and profits will decrease progressively.
As the rate of entropy increases, the amount of energy released increases ... and the value of energy decreases ... and the rates of interest increase ... and incomes and profits decrease.
The supply of oil will increase faster than demand (in spite of increasing cold) and the oil price will probably be in the range of US$16-17 per barrel (Brent), during 1993.
The increasing cold of the biosphere (due to increased volcanism) is incidental to the general overall heating of the planet. Organic life is being prolonged in a cool, protective biosphere, which is sandwiched between an Earth which is heating up and an upper atmosphere which is also heating up.