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The Network Propositions / 1400-1499
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1400 - 1499
Changes of consumer standards of living tend to be upwardly elastic under conditions of increasing purchasing power, but downwardly inelastic under conditions of decreasing purchasing power. Standards of living readily move upwards but resist downward adjustment: This phenomenon is known as the 'ratchet effect'. As their purchasing power drops, consumers will use savings before dropping their standard of living.
Permanent, congenital, or inherited biological adaptations are generally believed to have arisen, over long periods of time, by means of natural selection of essentially random variations which are inherited.
An algorithm is a precise, programmable formulation of a method for doing something. Algorithms are used to accomplish specific tasks, using data and instructions, when applying computers. A task must be definable in order that an algorithm may be devised and specified for a computer to perform the task.
Proteins represent the chief organic constituent of living tissues and are the most important raw materials for growth. During growth, the proteins (stored in the egg, or provided as food from outside) are digested into their constituent amino acids ... and these are then resynthesised into the substance of the living cells.
Viruses are the smallest infectious agents (20-300 nanometres in diameter), containing as their genetic material a molecule of either RNA or DNA. Viruses are able to propagate only within living cells: They are generally destroyed by heating at 60 degrees C, for 30 minutes.
The Antarctic continent holds 5,750,000 cubic miles of ice, which is 90% of all the ice on Earth. Antarctica has almost 3 times the mean height of the other continents. If all the Antarctic ice were to melt, world sea levels would rise some 200 feet.
In computer programming, the main technique for bringing knowledge to bear, is the evaluation function, which can be applied to a position to estimate directly its chance of being on a winning path. Such value functions are heuristic, only approximating a correct analysis.
UV radiation, of wavelength 240-320 nanometres, is absorbed by atmospheric ozone and prevented from reaching the Earth's surface. This radiation is lethal to simple unicellular organisms (algae, bacteria and protozoa) and to the surface cells of higher plants and animals. It also damages the genetic material of cells (DNA).
The first fission bombs released energies to the order of 20,000 tonnes of TNT (20 kilotonnes). Yields in excess of 100,000,000 tonnes of TNT (100 megatonnes) have been reported for fusion bombs. One megatonne is equivalent to 4.18 x 10'3joules of energy.
Due to extensive losses of energy at each step in a food chain, going from primary producers on up the chain, there is a change in the amount of energy flowing to new biomass at each step in the chain.
General relativity predicts that, if a star of more than 3 solar masses has completely burned its nuclear fuel, it should collapse to a 'black hole'. The horizon of a 'black hole' is an ideal one-way membrane; that is, particles and light can go inward through the surface, but none can go outward.
At constant pressure, the volume of a fixed mass of gas varies directly with the absolute temperature. At constant volume, the gas pressure varies directly with the absolute temperature. This is known as Charles' Law or Gay-Lussac's Law.
On the Richter scale, each magnitude level is 30 times more energetic: For instance, a magnitude 7 shock is about 30 times more energetic than one of magnitude 6. The largest known shock measured 8.9. The intensity of an earthquake is a measure of the severity of shaking and its attendant damage at a point on the surface of the Earth. The same earthquake may have different intensities at different places. The intensity usually decreases away from the epicentre (the point on the surface directly above the onset of the earthquake).
The empirical method is necessary in entering hitherto completely unexplored fields. Successful use of an exclusively empirical method demands a high degree of intuitive ability in the practitioner.
For a thermonuclear reaction to become self-sustaining, a so-called critical temperature of about 35,000,000 K must be attained. The chain reaction then continues until the supply of fusionable material is exhausted or until sufficient expansion has taken place to enable the gas to cool below critical temperature.
The principle of inertia of energy states that the inertial properties of matter are determined by the total energy content of matter. If the mass of a body changes by an amount ðm, the corresponding energy change is ðE = c² x ðm. This formula has been well tested.
Lenz's Law states that a change (of electromotive force ... emf) cannot propagate itself. This law is a form of the law of conservation of energy. Induced currents produce a flux in such a direction as to oppose the change.
The laws of thought are conventions which may be modified or rejected in order to create new logics. A logic appropriate to one paradigm may not be appropriate to another. The only requirement that a new logic must satisfy is the one required of every deductive system, namely, consistency.
If cells, or virus-infected cells, are subjected to illumination by light in the blue, or near-ultraviolet range, the degree of survival is markedly increased. This phenomenon is known as photoreactivation.
Ultraviolet rays ionise, or tend to ionise, atoms which they encounter. (Note: An ion is an atom, or group of atoms, which by loss or gain of one or more electrons, has acquired an electric charge.)
Heat flows by conduction, convection or radiation. (Note: Conduction refers to a flow of thermal energy through a substance by atomic or molecular interactions. Convection refers to the transfer of thermal energy by actual physical movement from one location to another of a substance in which thermal energy is stored. Radiation refers to the passing of thermal energy through gases ... so that, while the gas medium absorbs some of the heat, much or most of the emitted heat is absorbed by the liquids or solids on which the rays impinge.)
According to the uncertainty principle of quantum mechanics, accurate measurement of an observable quantity necessarily produces uncertainties in one's knowledge of the values of other observables. According to the principle of complementarity, nature has 'complementary' aspects; an experiment which illuminates one of these aspects necessarily simultaneously obscures the complementary aspect. At any instant, only a limited amount of information is usable for predicting the future course of any system.
The input of energy into atmosphere is mainly from below, via the surface. The energy input is, for the most part, in the lower latitudes (Note: The equator input is twice that of 60 degrees of latitude. From 0-30 degrees of latitude, the input is virtually the same).
By our increasing complexity, as organic species, we have increased our internal energy impedence, thus transmuting our internal energy to lower amperage and higher frequency. The higher the frequency, the greater the level of quality release and absorption.
Some energy is always burnt up during any energy conversion: Energy is dissipated in the form of waste heat. Heat energy is always lost, to some degree , when and as it is converted back to work. Heat loss is irreversible once it has occurred. There is an inexorable trend towards the degradation of mechanical work into heat, but not vice versa. All energy transformations are irreversible.
Entropy increases, as energy dissipates heat, and it attains its maximum value when all its potential for further work is exhausted. The total entropy of the universe is remorselessly increasing towards its maximum ... that is, to singularity.
The dynamics of equilibrium (singularity) are the dynamics of transfinity. The processes of energy conversion (i.e. Of thermodynamics) are the processes of premetamorphosis. All the 'lost' time-space usefulness (quality) of energy/mass is the gain of monads. The Absolute never 'loses' its usefulness (quality): The usefulness (quality) is simply transmuted from finite life to transfinite life.
Everything tends to order, via time-space randomisation. By the entropic processes, order moves from finite expressions to transfinite expressions. Order, control, cohesion and will are never belittled or reduced but transmuted.
The creative intelligence is negentropic: It feeds on the quality which it releases (via entropy) from energy/ mass. As creative intelligence releases quality from mass, it feeds upon that quality, including the quality of cohesion. Creative intelligence, although itself negentropic, has an entropic effect upon energy/mass.
Creative intelligence is a transfinite quality, which absorbs the quality of mass and transmutes order from finite expressions to transfinite expressions. Creative intelligence is negentropic by nature and entropic by action.
Prigogine states that self-organising processes must be inherent in some classes of dynamical systems. He says that, while laws involve determinism and certitude, events contain and imply elements of arbitrariness and of probability. He sees this as the law-event duality of existence and through all, he sees everything as alive and self-organising.
Brusselator-type research shows that molecules are able to communicate with each other transfinitely: They instinctively know when to turn blue or red, or left or right, and all this being completely independent of the initial experiment conditions. The non-equilibrium Brusselator can become self-organising in time-space.
Not any physical condition (whether chaos, singularity or other) can kill monads or monadic organisation ... for monads are eternal, transfinite beings. Monads survive singularity, for they are beings of singularity ... that is, beings of the Absolute.
With regard to any and all observations of seemingly self-organising behaviour, it may be suggested that the observer knowingly or unknowingly influences the events observed. But even if the observer's mind is functionally or integrally related to the observed phenomena, the phenomena exist.
By definition, there can be but one singularity. It follows that all the big bangs and crunches and black-holes are one. And, as time-space is zero at singularity, it follows that singularity exists irrespective of any time-space expressions.
The 'strange attractor' and 'chaotic attractor' are innate tendencies for spontaneous variations on an initiated theme: Nature explores all possible variations of any initiation, and does this automatically and geometrically.
The Absolute can never be less than Absolute: It can never be less than complete: It is wholly within each part, each thing, each being, each temporal tense, each spatial locus, and each state. As it is wholly in each state, it is at once, wholly in the state of timespace finity and wholly in the state of chaos and wholly in the state of singularity.
When there is an apparent change, from one condition or expression or state to another, this change is in appearance only, for the Absolute is wholly in each of these, timelessly and spacelessly. A time change is apparent to observation viewpoints of time-space but the Absolute is always complete and perfect.
The changes of entropy are apparent only: They are the expressions of changes of awareness. As our species evolves, from physical to mental, we change from physical awareness to mental awareness and, in this process, we withdraw quality from the one state to the other. But always we remain Absolute and complete: We lose nothing of our perfection in the process.
We are qualitative beings and, as our awareness changes, from physical to mental, we take our awareness of quality with us. This withdrawal is, in physical terms, the abatement of usefulness (quality) known as entropy.
An aspect of existence, which tends to baffle people, is its absoluteness ... that is, the oneness! ... the oneness which the differentiations of time and space hide. Our species constructs its environment from our purposes and our needs of survival ... and these purposes and needs call for differentiation ... and differentiation conceals the oneness of existence. But now, as we fast approach the transmutation of our metamorphosis from finity to transfinity, we need to learn about our oneness and we need to learn fast.
Yes, we may still differentiate as much as we want but it will be against a background of ever-present awareness of our oneness. In terms of knowledge, the most important lesson to be learned now is the lesson of our oneness. We are many paintings but we are one canvas and one artist. We fight and conquer or submit; we live or die as bodies live and die; we have all that we need to have, and lack what we need to lack ... but we are sovereign beings, in whom the great God (which is all existence) dwells, absolutely: And the mighty truth is that the Absolute is one ... that we are one! All else pales into tenth rate compared with this overweaning and ineffable truth.
Living is a process of progressive comprehension of our absoluteness. The comprehension depends upon our own uniquely individual path of discovery. What we see and experience is essentially private, for each of us is so different. There is no independent reality ... that is, there is no reality independent of us. We see and experience what we need to see and experience, and what we are able to see and experience.
It is paradoxical that, while we are one, we are also selfishly individual. Each sovereign individual monad struggles to achieve its own living space ... struggles to achieve its own universe. Struggle is the process of self-realisation. As we become more self-realised, our consciousness of self takes in and comprehends more and more of existence ... until it becomes all existence. Struggle and conflict and pain are essential to our progress on the path of self-realisation.
INDEX to the Network Propositions
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