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Appendix IV
The Rutter

The author sees his work as prehensive, reaching out into the unknown. Prediction science involves exploration, which is analogous to the exploration carried out by the early Dutch venturer-sailors. Each of the old Dutch ship captains used to keep a rutter, a much valued collection of notes of bearings, sketch-maps, reefs, passages, winds, currents, harbours, watering places, friendly and hostile shores and dangers to be avoided, etc. Norman Spencer's rutter includes:

The propositions ...
these, totally over 11,000, have been garnered over the past 30+ years and cover most fields of knowledge. Approximately one-quarter of the propositions are derived from scientific, economic and social data, and the writings of leading scientists, philosophers and thinkers in many fields. The remaining three-quarters of the propositions come from Spencer's own work, and from the self-generative character of the network. Each time one reads and contemplates the network, new propositions come to mind. Although a wide variety of seemingly differing viewpoints are included, the whole is meaningful as a complete work. Spencer calls the collection a network, for all of the propositions are directly or indirectly linked to one another. only propositions of high probability have been included. Spencer's method may be described as pragmatic, instrumentalist and holistic. Emphasis has been given to both the qualitative and quantitative aspects of existence. Spencer's research has concentrated upon what will happen, and not upon what should happen.

The Philosophers...
is an unpublished volume of Spencer's notes on the ideas of the following philosophers ... Aquinas, Aristotle, Augustine, Bentham, Bergson, Berkeley, Blake, Boehme, Boltmann, Bolzano, Bosanquet, Bradley, Brentano, Bruno, Buddha, Cantor, Carnap, Clausewitz, Comte, Confucius, Croce, Danielou, Derrida, Descartes, Dewey, Duhem, Ehrenfels, Einstein, Empedocles, Fechner, Feuerbach, Feyerabend, Fichte, Findlay, Frege, Gandhi, Geulincz, Hegel, Heidegger, Heraclitus, Hume, Husserl, Ibn-Khaldun, Jacobi, Jalal ud-Din, Jaspers, Jesus, Kant, Khomyakov, Kierkegaard, Kozlov, Kuhn, Kulpe, Lakatos, Lao-Tzu, Leibniz, Le Roy, Lopatin, Mach, Malebranche, Masterman, Mill, Montesquieu, Moore, Nietzsche, Novalis, Ockham, Pareto, Parmenides, Pestalozzi, Plato, Plotinus, Poincare, Popper, Protagoras, Proudhon, Pythagoras, Reid, Rilke, Rousseau, Russell, Sartre, von Schelling, Schlegel, Schleiermacher, Schopenhauer, Socrates, Spinoza, Steiner, Sun Tzu, Thoreau, Tolstoy, Vaihinger, Veblen, Weber, Whitehead, Wittgenstein, Wolff, and Zeno of Citiun.

The Scientists ....
Many propositions relate to the work of scientists and leading thinkers of many disciplines. The list of credits includes ... Adler, Adrian, Alvarez, Ampère, Anderson, Anfinsen, Angell, Angström, Appleton, Armstrong, Avery, Bacon, Baltimore, Bardeen, de Bary, Basov, Bateson, Berg, Bernard, Bishop, Black, Bloch, Bohr, Boltzmann, Boyle, Brequet, Brouwer, Bruner, Brunschvicg, Buber, Burke, Cantor, Chadwick, Chaitin, Charles, Cohn, Conway, Cooper, de Coulanges, Coulomb, Crick, Crook, Darwin, Davies, Dawkins, Dickinson, Dirac, Dobzhansky, Douglass, During, Dyson, Eddington, Ehrenfels, Einstein, Ekman, Elsasser, Emiliani, Ewing, Fajans, Festinger, Feynman, Fish, Fizeau, Frank, Frege, Freud, Gadamer, Galbraith, Gamov, Garrod, Gasser, Gay-Lussac, Gell-Mann, Gellner, Gibson, Gödel, Grossberg, Hershey, Heisenberg, Hess, Heuvel, Hicks, Hopfield, Geertz, Hook, Hoyle, Hutchins, Illich, the Imbries, Isaacs, James, Jeffreys, Jung, Kaluza, Kamerlingh-Onnes, Karewskij, Kelson, Keynes, Klein, Koch, Köhler, Kornberg, Krebs, Kripke, Kukla, Lacan, Laing, Lamb, Landau, Leavis, Le Chatelier, von Leibniz, Lesniewski, Lévi-Strauss, Lévy-Bruhl, Lewin, Lewis, Libchaber, Lorenz, Lotze, Mach, Malcolm, Malinowski, Malraux, mandelbrot, Mannheim, Marcel, Marx, Myer, McClintock, McDougall, McLuhan, MeTaggart, Milankovitch, Monod, Moore, Muller, Ne'eman, Ness, Newton, du Noüy, Oparin, Osborne, Osgood, Palade, Paley, Pareto, Pasteur, Pauling, Pearson, Pierce, Pepper, Plamenatz, Poincare, Polanyi, Pound, Prägnanz, Prokhorov, Prout, Purcell, Quine, Radhakrishnan, Rahner, Ramsey, Rasool, Schneider, Reichenbach, Robbins, Robertson, Robinson, Rorschach, Rossby, Rotblat, Rous, Rubner, Rutherford, Santayana, de Saussure, Say, Scheler, Schiller, Schlegel, Schrieffer, Schrödinger, Schwenk, Schwinger, Seillière, Sejnowski, Sellars, Shannon, Smith, Snyder, Soddy, Spengler, Steinberger, Stevens, Symmachus, Tamin, Thompson, Tillich, Tiselius, Titchener, Tomonaga, Toynbee, Trumpler, Turing, Uhlenbeck, Urey, Van Allen, Varmus, Vico, Villard, Watson, Weinberg, Weizsäcker, Wertheimer, Weyl, Whewell, Wieland, Wilson, Wynne-Edwards, Zinder, Zweig.

The Encyclopedia Britannica
the sections on geochronology.

The Exploding Earth
Spencer's work on geochronology.

Why Chaos?
Spencer's work on the nature of physical and social chaos.

The Q Factor
Spencer's examination into the qualitative aspects of existence.

The Book of the Living
Spencer's spiritual philosophy.

Nine Dots
Spencer's fictional probe into the possibilities of humanoid robotics, and of advanced forms of extraterrestrial life. This probe indicated that advanced humanoids are a virtual certainty in the future, but advanced extraterrestrials ... no! Nine Dots is Spencer's one and only work of fiction.

Current Events
Notes re current events, which bear upon trends and those which spark future-oriented questions, are included in the rutter.

Past Predictions
Spencer's annual predictions (ten so far) are included in the rutter, with notes of the successful ones. The accuracy rate averages 85%-90%.


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