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Chapter Four
The Next 200 Years

Although turbulent, the 2000-2200 AD period will produce greater scientific and technological developments than the entire past history of human endeavour. New methods of power generation will greatly reduce energy costs. using the singularity power of collapsed matter, tractor beams will provide the means to overcome the pull of Earth's gravity. Neutralised gravity (NG) units will be installed in passenger and freight vehicles by year 2100. Transport will be revolutionised, as people and freight will move thenceforth by air. To avoid collisions, NG vehicles will be equipped with protective force-fields. most roads, railroads, trains, shipping, port facilities, tunnels and bridges will become redundant. The oil and coal industries will dwindle to insignificance. With personal NG vehicles within the purse-range of millions, travel and tourism will boom. Architecture will be adapted into line with the needs of the NG age. The whole matter of spacecraft design and propulsion will be reviewed, and plans for space exploration will become far more ambitious and less costly.

By 2020, gene-therapy cures will be available for approximately half of the diseases afflicting mankind, and the first genetically upgraded baby will be born. The general genetic upgrading of the species, by embryo gene transfer, will have become a realistic and achievable objective. By 2200, DNA rejuvenation techniques will raise the life expectancy of advanced 'genos' to 150 years, and genetic intelligence enhancement will have increased the IQ geno/ non-geno gap to the degree that a race of Mark II super-humans is developing.

Developments in nanobio technology will have enormous economic and social impact. By 2050, nanobio molecular assemblers will be programmed to synthesise a wide variety of foodstuffs and materials, from common inputs such as sand and soft rock. Nanobio production processes will be very easy and economical to run, and it will become practicable for small communities to achieve self-sufficiency over a wide range of needs. The implications of this technology for the food, clothing, metal, mining and timber industries, will be revolutionary. Supplementing nuclear-fusion and collapsed-matter power generation, nanobio technology will enable small and safe energy generation units to be located wherever users need them. There will no longer be any need for expensive cross-country power transmission. Nanobio developments will enable small communities to become virtually self-sufficient.

Programmed nanobio 'water-maker' assembler starters will be air-dropped on to desert areas and will busily produce water, moistening the land and making it farmable and liveable. The warm desert areas of Africa, the Middle East, Australia, and many other countries, will start to bloom. By 2200, with the onset of the mini-iceage, there will be a significant migratory movement of people, from cold high latitudes to these newly fertile warmer regions.

As nanobio science and technology is not well known to the general public, a few comments here may be appropriate. Biologists already use enzymes to cut and splice DNA, and they use viral syringes to inject DNA into bacteria. In future, programmed nanobio assemblers will build nanobio machines to probe, modify and repair cells ... and human life-spans will be greatly extended. Molecular systems will be able to disassemble and assemble every system found within every cell. Genetic engineers have now programmed bacteria to make a wide range of proteins. It is noteworthy that some biocells have specialised functions, such as motors, bearings, assemblers, and so on. Using gene-machines to write DNA 'tapes', bio- engineers will be able to programme molecular assemblers to build any matter whatsoever, atom by atom, including edibles, liquids, cloth, and materials tougher than metals. Also, nanobio computers will be of tiny dimension and incredibly fast. Nanobio technology will bring revolutionary changes which will affect virtually every aspect of life.

Whereas, in the past, we have tended to rely on labour-dependent production processes, in the nanobio era we will rely largely on programmed organic micro-life forms to do the work. We now realise that countless trillions of biocells are ready and waiting to carry out whatever functions we will ask of them. It does seem strange that we are only discovering this now, after thousands of years of arduous labour! However, many more wonders await our creative discovery in the years ahead. our species is only just starting to become aware of its absolute potential.

As nanobios can be programmed to arrange atoms, they can be programmed to release energy. In future, nanobios will be programmed to reduce molecules to their constituent hydrogen atoms ... and they will release binding energy in this process. Energy production will be one of many serendipitous outcomes of nanobio activity.

With computer science continuing to progress at an exponential rate, by 2020, computers will have almost human creative capabilities, and their recording and processing capabilities will far exceed those of humans. By 2030, humanoid sensor-robots will be on the market. Programmed for situation identification-response, each robot will be fitted with a master-control module, which may be used to modify behaviour: such modifications will cover safety, purpose, and personality. Robots will be programmed for optimum stability, conscientiousness and reliability, but it will be for each buyer (or lessor) to specify the range of specific traits required. Personality adaptations will be via master-control programming. Engineering modules will provide coordination, compensatory movement, balance, positioning, self-care, maintenance, energy-access, and other 'body-function' programming.

By 2050, humanoid robots will be marketed with a wide range of skill-module options. Companion robots will become very popular. Their services, as nurses, cooks, cleaners, gardeners, guards, readers, NG-craft pilots, entertainers, and lovable buddies, will be greatly appreciated by wealthy owners (and lessors) worldwide. Every wealthy family will have at least one humanoid ... and possessing them will become the fashionable 'in thing' to do. Duo human-robot relationships will become common ... and many people will become so attached to their robot buddies as to become virtually inseparable from them. Professionals and businessmen will come to regard their duos as indispensable. Robots will be in great demand for dangerous tasks, and particularly when expendable operatives are needed. They will make excellent soldiers, and may be sent in to occupy radiation-contaminated zones. By the same token, they will be ideal for suicide missions. Police will use armed robots for crowd control and for the apprehending of dangerous criminals: they will also make good prison wardens. Sexually attractive comfort robots will be a popular and profitable line. Robots will be extensively used (on scientific projects, and particularly with regard to space projects, where new propulsion systems, C+ speeds, and risky probes are involved ... and long-duration probing will not be a problem. Using NG and anti-matter technologies, robot-manned spacecraft will break the light-speed barrier by 2200 ... (more on this subject later).

Social tensions will increase as the new technologies result in more unemployment. There will be plenty of job opportunities within the new technologies, but the unskilled and those with obsolete skills, will tend to become socially alienated. The welfare systems of some countries will ameliorate the conditions of the alienated, but the psychological damage will be great. Crime and violence will increase worldwide, and over-crowded prisons, ineffective policing and inadequate court processing will be symptomatic of generally rising social anarchy. By 2050, most parts of the world will be dangerous for unprotected persons. Adding to the turmoil, numerous pressure groups will use increasingly violent means of achieving their objectives. Ethnic, political and religious minorities will use dangerous methods and weapons, greatly weakening the fabric of law and order. There will be no major world-wars, but there will be a plethora of lesser international wars and civil wars, accompanied by releases of nuclear radiation and biotoxins. Also, there will be the encroaching cold of mini iceage onset, epidemics, worsening ultra-violet ray exposure, and an increasing incidence and intensity of earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, flooding, droughts, pest infestations, and other natural disasters. It is in this environment, of strife and risk, that secure enclaves will be successfully promoted and developed.

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